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Near Front Royal in Warren County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Fairview

Kenly’s Last Stand

 

—Battle of Front Royal - May 23, 1862 —

 
Fairview Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 29, 2007
1. Fairview Marker
Inscription. This stone structure, known as Fairview, was the home of Thomas McKay. On this site Union Col. John R. Kenly rallied the 1st Maryland Infantry (USA) for a last stand as the Confederates approached. Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson had ordered Col. Thomas S. Flournoy's 6th Virginia Cavalry in pursuit as Kenly's troops retreated from Guard Hill north on the Front Royal Turnpike toward Winchester. While Kenley strove in vain to deploy his men in the fields and orchard here, Flournoy's cavalry were on them before they could fix bayonets or form a front.

Kenly ordered the 5th New York Cavalry to countercharge, but it was too late. The troopers instead raced north in a panic, running over Kenly's men as they struggled to form a battle line. In the confusion, some of the Marylanders fired at New Yorkers and many fell.

The charge of the 6th Virginia, which Jackson afterwards declared was the most gallant and effective he had ever seen, overwhelmed Kenly's force, which grounded its weapons and surrendered. Kenly himself was severely wounded and captured.

The Federal loss in
Fairview marker - Battle of Front Royal image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, April 26, 2007
2. Fairview marker - Battle of Front Royal
This is the final marker in the Battle of Front Royal Driving Tour.
the Battle of Front Royal was 904 killed, wounded, and captured out of Kenly's 1,000-man garrison. The Confederates suffered fewer than 100 casualties. At the end of the engagement, they had not only occupied Front Royal, but also had seized some $300,000 worth of U.S. quartermaster and commissary stores. Jackson had flanked Gen. Nathaniel Banks's main force at Strasburg, and the way was clear to Winchester.

(Lower Left Sidebar): Many wounded soldiers were cared for at the McKay house, where blood stained the floors for years. Dabney Eastham, of Co. B, 6th Virgina Cavalry, was belived to be mortally wounded and was left lying in the yard. The next morning, when his father arrived from Rappahannock County to claim his son's body, he found that the grass and mud had clotted his wound and saved his life. To avoid opening the wound, the sod was taken up with him when he was carried into the house. Eastham survived and left descendants in Rappahannock and Warren Counties.
 
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker
Action at Fairview Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 29, 2007
3. Action at Fairview Map
The Winchester Pike (Modern US 340/522) runs north to south on this map. The charge of Flournoy's Cavalry was straight up the pike against the disorganized Federals around Fairview (McKay House).
is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 38° 59.634′ N, 78° 10.527′ W. Marker is near Front Royal, Virginia, in Warren County. Marker is at the intersection of Winchester Road (U.S. 340/522) and Success Road, on the right when traveling north on Winchester Road. Click for map. Located north of Front Royal, about 2.7 miles north of the I-66 interchange. Marker is in this post office area: Front Royal VA 22630, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The McKay Home (approx. 1.1 miles away); Recreational Center of Front Royal (approx. 2.1 miles away); Battle of Front Royal (approx. 3.1 miles away); Execution of Mosby’s Men (approx. 3.1 miles away); Guard Hill Engagement (approx. 3.1 miles away); Guard Hill (approx. 3.3 miles away); The Bridges (approx. 3.7 miles away); Richardson’s Hill (approx. 4.1 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Front Royal.
 
More about this marker. The marker displays a set of maps that detail the action described
Strategic Map of the Valley Campaign image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 29, 2007
4. Strategic Map of the Valley Campaign
Front Royal opened the door for Jackson's march north against Banks. Note the sequence of the battles - McDowell, Front Royal, Winchester, Cross Keys, and then Port Republic. Jackson marched his command down and then back up the valley to counter several threats converging on the important Shenandoah Valley. The campaign can be traced through the Civil War Trails Marker series.
here. On the far right is an overview map of the Battle of Front Royal. An upper right map illustrates the action fought at Fairview. On the lower center is a map showing the strategic setting of the 1862 Valley Campaign, "After Front Royal, Jackson moved to Winchester where he won a decisive victory May 25, 1862, forcing the Federals to withdraw across the Potomac River." The map area also has a portrait of Dabney Eastham. The sidebar on the lower left has a photograph of the McKay House.
 
Regarding Fairview. This marker is one of several from a driving tour of the Front Royal Battlefield. The markers are listed in sequence on the Battle of Front Royal Virtual Tour by Markers link below.
 
Also see . . .
1. Battle of Front Royal - Fairview. This site is stop 10 on the driving tour of the Battle of Front Royal. (Submitted on October 14, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Computer Image of Marker Face. (Submitted on October 14, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
3. Battle of Front Royal. From the National Parks
Winchester Pike image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 29, 2007
5. Winchester Pike
Looking south towards Front Royal, Flournoy's cavalry charged towards the Federals reforming at this point.
Service. The action at Fairview is covered under phase six of the battle. (Submitted on October 14, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

4. Battle of Front Royal Virtual Tour by Markers. (Submitted on November 18, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
 
Additional keywords. Battle of Front Royal
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
The McKay House image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 29, 2007
6. The McKay House
The stone portion of the house dates to the Civil War period, with additions made post-war.
Counter Charge of the 5th New York image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 29, 2007
7. Counter Charge of the 5th New York
In the fields behind the house, the 5th New York attempted to check Flournoy's cavalry, but were repulsed. In the distant background is the "notch" in the Blue Ridge formed by Manassas and Chester Gaps.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,679 times since then and 35 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   2. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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