Near Charles City in Charles City County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Captain John Smith’s Adventures on the James
This brought strained relations to a boil in 1622, when Powhatan’s successor Opechancanough orchestrated an attack on outlying English settlements, including Westover, where two settlers were killed. The farm persisted, however. The plantation’s house was built by Richmond founder, William Byrd II, circa 1730.
Gazing directly south from the riverbank at Westover, one sees Maycocks Point in the James River National Wildlife Refuge. Archaeological excavations there have revealed that Native Americans lived on the promontory more than 1,000 years before the English arrived.
Capt. John Smith’s Trail
John Smith knew the James River by its Algonquian name: Powhatan, the same as the region’s paramount chief. Smith traveled the river many times between 1607 and 1609, trading with Virginia Indians to ensure survival at Jamestown. What he saw of Virginia’s verdant woodlands and pristine waters inspired him to explore the greater Chesapeake Bay, chronicling its natural wonders.
Boating the James
The English arrived aboard three large ships, the Godspeed, Susan Constant and Discovery. However, John Smith’s trading missions along the James River and his two 1608 exploratory voyages of the Chesapeake Bay were conducted on a smaller vessel called a shallop. It was brought to Virginia in pieces and assembled at Jamestown. At least 30 feet long, the shallop accommodated a crew of 15 and could be rowed or sailed.
During the past four centuries, boats of every sort have plied the James River. Early barges carried tobacco to port, where it left for England aboard sailing ships. Federal ironclad gunboats patrolled the river during the Civil War. Later, steamships ferried passengers across the river.
Today, large cargo ships still dock in ports in Richmond and in Hampton Roads, where the U.S. Navy retains a large presence. Recreational boaters enjoy the river in canoes and kayaks, sailboats, speedboats, and yachts.
Erected by Captain John Smith's Trail. (Marker Number 18.)
Location. 37° 18.652′ N, Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Charles City VA 23030, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Westover (here, next to this marker); Richmond Condita (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Evelynton (approx. 1.4 miles away); Benjamin Harrison (approx. 1.5 miles away); Capt. John Woodliffe (approx. 1.6 miles away); Origin of Taps (approx. 1.6 miles away); First Official Thanksgiving (approx. 1.6 miles away); Berkeley and Harrison's Landing (approx. 1.7 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Charles City.
More about this marker. On the upper center is a sketch of an English shore party and an Indian canoe with the caption, “Drawing by Marc Caselli for John Smith Four Hundred Project ©2006.”
On the lower left is a depiction of the exploration of the James River by English colonist. The photo carries the caption, "“The New World” © MMV, New Line Productions, Inc. All rights reserved. Photo by Merie Wallace. Photo appears courtesy of New Line Productions, Inc."
On the upper right is a map Captain John Smith's Trail.
On the sidebar is a photo of “A replica of the Susan Constant at Jamestown Settlement.”
Also see . . .
1. Capt. John Smith's Trail. (Submitted on April 29, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
2. Westover. NPS James River Plantations (Submitted on April 29, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
Categories. • Native Americans • Notable Buildings • Notable Persons • Notable Places • Waterways & Vessels •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,586 times since then and 24 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.