Richmond, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Libby Prison CSA
For Federal Prisoners Of War
Placed By Confederate Memorial Literary Society
Erected 1911 by Confederate Memorial Literary Society.
Location. 37° 31.848′ N, 77° 25.605′ W. Marker is in Richmond, Virginia. Marker is at the intersection of East Cary Street and South 20th Street, on the right when traveling east on East Cary Street. Click for map. Marker is to the left of the gate in the James River flood wall that leads to extra parking for the Virginia Holocaust Museum and the outer wall of the flood wall. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2000 East Cary Street, Richmond VA 23223, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Libby Prison (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Libby Prison (within shouting distance of this marker); Early Quakers in Richmond (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Oldest House (about 500 feet away); City of Richmond Bicentennial (about 700 feet away); To Honor Chesapeake & Ohio Railway (approx. 0.2 miles away); Franklin Street Burying Grounds (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Richmond.
Regarding Libby Prison CSA. Libby Prison was a Confederate Prison for captured Union officers. The prison opened in 1861, in a three-story brick tobacco warehouse, alongside the James River in Richmond, Virginia.
Conditions were deplorable. Overcrowding and lack of sanitation caused the death of many prisoners between 1863 and 1864. Libby prison is considered the second worst prison operated during the Civil War, second only to Andersonville Prison in Georgia.
Prison Escape. There was one noteworthy escape from Libby Prison. February 9, 1864, 109 men escaped by way of a tunnel. 59 succeeded in reaching the Union lines and freedom. 48 were recaptured. Two drowned in the James River. The escape was one of the most famous prison breaks during the Civil War.
In 1880, the building was purchased by Southern Fertilizer Company. In 1889, the building was sold again, this time to a candymaker named Charles F. Gunther, who moved it - piece by piece to Chicago, Illinois. The prison was rebuilt and opened as a war museum,
Also see . . . Libby Prison. A page from the Encyclopedia Virginia. (Submitted on May 1, 2010, by Paul Jordan of Burlington, N. C., U. S. A..)
Additional keywords. James River Wall, Confederacy, Prisoners of War,
Categories. • Forts, Castles • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Paul Jordan of Burlington, N. C., U. S. A.. This page has been viewed 2,259 times since then and 16 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Paul Jordan of Burlington, N. C., U. S. A.. 4. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.