“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Lillington in Harnett County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)

Cornelius Harnett

ca. 1723-1781

Cornelius Harnett Marker image. Click for full size.
By Robert Cole, May 9, 2010
1. Cornelius Harnett Marker
Inscription. Revolutionary War statesman. Prominent in Resistance to British rule and the creation of North Carolina. Harnett County named in his honor, 1855.
Erected 2003 by Rotary Club of Lillington.
Location. 35° 25.224′ N, 78° 48.52′ W. Marker is in Lillington, North Carolina, in Harnett County. Marker is on West Cornelius Harnett Boulevard (U.S. 401) half a mile west of North Main Street (State Highway 210), on the right when traveling east. Click for map. At the main entrance driveway to new Harnett County courthouse, justice center, and social services complex north of the Cape Fear River bridge in Lillington. Marker is at or near this postal address: 305 W. Cornelius Harnett Blvd., Lillington NC 27546, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 10 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Harnett County Veterans Memorial (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Alexander Lillington (approx. 1.5 miles away); Robert B. Morgan (approx. 1.5 miles away); Paul Eliot Green (approx. 3.3 miles away); Campbell House (approx. 3.3 miles away); Campbell University (approx. 4 miles away); Alton Stewart (approx. 7.8 miles away); Smiley's Falls (approx. 10 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Lillington.
Regarding Cornelius Harnett.
Cornelius Harnett Marker image. Click for full size.
By Robert Cole, May 9, 2010
2. Cornelius Harnett Marker
One of the chief master spirits of the Revolution, in North Carolina, was Cornelius Harnett, of Wilmington. He was born in England in 1723, and came to America in early life. He was a man of wealth and distinction before the disputes, which led to the Revolution, commenced; and he was among the earliest of the Southern patriots to denounce the Stamp Act and kindred measures. In 1770 and 1771, he represented the borough of Wilmington in the colonial legislature, and was chairman of the most important committees of that body. In conjunction with Robert Howe (afterward a general in the Revolution) and Judge Maurice Moore, Mr. Harnett was appointed by the Assembly to draw up a remonstrance against the appointment of commissioners, by the royal governor, to run the southern boundary of the province, and he was then known as one of the firmest Whigs[1] in all the South. Josiah Quincy, the young and ardent patriot of Boston, visited Mr. Harnett in 1773, and after describing the pleasures of a visit spent with him and Robert Howe, he spoke of Harnett's unflinching integrity, and called him "the Samuel Adams of North Carolina." Toward the close of that year, Mr. Harnett was made chairman of the committee of correspondence, of Wilmington District, and, throughout the Cape Fear region, he was the master spirit of the storm of the revolution, as it gathered and burst over the country.
Cornelius Harnett Marker image. Click for full size.
By Robert Cole, May 9, 2010
3. Cornelius Harnett Marker
Marker as seen in front of the new Harnett County courthouse in Lillington.
When a provincial congress was called, in 1775, he was then the representative of his old constituents; and in that Congress at Halifax, on the Roanoke, in 1776, from which issued the first official voice in favor of the independence of the colonies, Cornelius Harnett was a bold leader, and with his own hand drew up those noble instructions to the North Carolina delegates in the Continental Congress. When, in the Spring of 1776, Sir Henry Clinton appeared al, Cape Fear, with a British fleet, Harnett and Howe were honored with an exemption from the terms of a general pardon, because, like John Hancock and Samuel Adams, they were considered arch-rebels. When, on the 26th of July, 4, 1776, the Declaration of Independence arrived at Halifax, Harnett read it to the people, who, when be had finished it, took him upon their shoulders, and bore him in triumph through the town. In the Autumn, he drafted a State Constitution and Bill of Rights. When, under that constitution, Richard Caswell was made governor of the new State, Harnett was one of his council. He was afterward a member of the Continental Congress, and his name is attached to the Articles of Confederation.[2] When, in 1780 and 1781, the British took possession of the country around the Cape Fear, Harnett was made a prisoner, and died while a captive. Upon a slab of brown stone, at the head of his grave in St. James' church-yard,
Cornelius Harnett statue image. Click for full size.
By Unknown
4. Cornelius Harnett statue
This statue was dedicated by the Cornelius Harnett Chapter of the North Carolina Society Daughters of the American Revolution, located in Dunn, North Carolina.
Wilmington, is the simple inscription- "CORNELIUS HARNETT. Died 1781, aged fifty-eight years."

[1] The terms Whig and Tory were copied from the political vocabulary of Great Britain, where they originated in the time of Charles the Second. The term Whig denoted the opposers of government, and that of Tory its adherents. In that relation to public affairs, they were first used in America, about the year 1770. The Republicans were called Whigs, the Loyalists, Tories.

[2] These formed a constitution of government for the United States, until 1789, when the present Federal Constitution went into operation, as a substitute.

Source: Lossing, Benson J. Eminent Americans: Comprising Brief Biographies of Leading Statesmen, Patriots, Orators and others, Men and Women, Who Have Made American History. New York: John B. Alden, 1883. Pages 83-84.
Also see . . .
1. Wikipedia entry for Cornelius Harnett. Cornelius Harnett (20 April 1723 – April 28, 1781) was an American merchant, farmer, and statesman from Wilmington, North Carolina. He was a leading American Revolutionary in the Cape Fear region, and a delegate for North Carolina in the Continental Congress from 1777 to 1779. (Submitted on May 17, 2010, by Cleo Robertson of Fort Lauderdale, Florida.) 

2. Biography of Cornelius Harnett. Source of information in the Regarding Cornelius Harnett paragraph above. (Submitted on May 17, 2010, by Cleo Robertson of Fort Lauderdale, Florida.) 

3. Cornelius Harnett Chapter of the North Carolina Society Daughters of the American Revolution.
Cornelius Harnett house, near Wilmington, North Carolina image. Click for more information.
Courtesy of the New York Public Library
5. Cornelius Harnett house, near Wilmington, North Carolina
Picture is from a wood engraving by Henry Bricher after a drawing by Chapin, possibly John Reuben Chapin.
Click for more information.
The chapter took its name from Cornelius Harnett, a North Carolina planter of the Cape Fear Region, who was a leading opponent of the Stamp Act. He served as President of the North Carolina Provincal Council to organize the resources of the colony for military resistance against the British. Cornelius Harnett represented North Carolina in the Third Contiental Congress, and he signed The Articles of Confederation. (Submitted on May 17, 2010, by Cleo Robertson of Fort Lauderdale, Florida.) 
Categories. Colonial EraMilitaryNotable PersonsWar, US Revolutionary
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Cleo Robertson of Fort Lauderdale, Florida. This page has been viewed 883 times since then and 80 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Cleo Robertson of Fort Lauderdale, Florida.   2, 3. submitted on , by Cleo Robertson of Fort Lauderdale, Florida.   4, 5. submitted on , by Cleo Robertson of Fort Lauderdale, Florida. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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