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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Charleston in Charleston County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

H.L. Hunley

 
 
H.L. Hunley Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 3, 2010
1. H.L. Hunley Marker
Inscription. On the night of February 17, 1864, the H.L. Hunley set out from Sullivan's Island, directly in front of you, with a torpedo attached to a seventeen-foot spar on her bow. Her target was the U.S.S. Housatonic, anchored four miles offshore. A Union lookout spied the suspicious object moving toward the ship and sounded the alarm. Engines started, but before the ship could move away an explosion ripped through the Housatonic's wooden hull and she quickly sank.

The H.L. Hunley disappeared after sinking the Housatonic. After searching for 131 years, in May 1995 the submarine was finally found 1,000 feet seaward of the Housatonic. The H.L. Hunley returned home on August 8, 2000, when she was recovered from her watery grave.

Built from an iron steam boiler, the H.L. Hunley was 40 feet long with a crew of 9 men. The submarine's sleek design helped her glide through the water up to 4 knots. The air supply was limited. Once the candle went out after 30 minutes the crew quickly returned to the surface for fresh air.

Two earlier accidents and the final sinking resulted in the death of 22 men who volunteered on this experimental "peripatetic coffin."
 
Erected by Fort Sumter National Monument, South Carolina - National Park Service
H.L. Hunley Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 4, 2013
2. H.L. Hunley Marker
- U.S. Department of the Interior.
 
Location. 32° 45.138′ N, 79° 52.44′ W. Marker is near Charleston, South Carolina, in Charleston County. Click for map. Marker is located at Fort Sumter National Monument and only reached by boat. See links below for more information about access to the site. Marker is in this post office area: Charleston SC 29412, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Controlling the Harbor (here, next to this marker); Blockade Runners (a few steps from this marker); 6.4-Inch (100-Pounder) Parrott (a few steps from this marker); The Columbiad (within shouting distance of this marker); Ironclads Attack (within shouting distance of this marker); Rearming the Fort (within shouting distance of this marker); 8-inch (200 Pounder) Parrott (within shouting distance of this marker); Star of the West (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Charleston.
 
More about this marker. On the upper left is an illustration showing H.L. Hunley on shore, 1863. She was the first submarine in history to sink an enemy ship. Below the illustration is a line drawing showing the side, front, and top profile of the submarine.
 
Also see . . .
1. Directions to Fort Sumter
Markers overlooking the Main Channel image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 3, 2010
3. Markers overlooking the Main Channel
. The only way to reach the fort is by boat. Most visitors use the Spirit Line Cruises, although private boats are allowed. (Submitted on May 14, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Friends of the Hunley. Details of the submarine's history, rediscovery, and recovery. (Submitted on May 14, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

3. H.L. Hunley. Historical illustrations and photos of the recovery operations. (Submitted on May 14, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US CivilWaterways & Vessels
 
H.L. Hunley image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 4, 2013
4. H.L. Hunley
This scale model of the H.L. Hunley is located in front of the Charleston Museum.
H.L. Hunley Crewmen image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 9, 2013
5. H.L. Hunley Crewmen
This display of crewmen aboard the H.L. Hunley can be seen in the South Carolina State Museum in Columbia.
H.L. Hunley Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 9, 2013
6. H.L. Hunley Marker
As illustrated on the marker, this display shows how the Hunley crew propelled the submarine.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 999 times since then and 51 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   2. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   3. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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