Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Fairfield in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Battle of Monterey Pass

 
 
The Battle of Monterey Pass Marker image. Click for full size.
By David Graff, April 30, 2010
1. The Battle of Monterey Pass Marker
Inscription. On the morning of July 4, Union General Judson Kilpatrick's Cavalry Division consisting of General George Custer and Colonel Nathaniel Richmond's Brigades were ordered from Gettysburg to attack the wagon trains that were moving on the road between Fairfield and Waynesboro near Monterey Pass. General Kilpatrick's men rode into Emmitsburg at three o'clock in the afternoon, Kilpatrick was then reinforced by Colonel Huey's Brigade and Battery "M" of the 2nd U.S. Artillery.

Up on South Mountain at Monterey Pass, Confederate soldiers captured Mr. Jacob Daniel Baer along with David Miller. As they were held at the Monterey Inn, Mr. Baer had came in contact with Ms. Susan Lookabaugh and told her to get help. She managed to walk by the Confederate pickets and headed toward Fountain Dale, where she came across James Embley. Ms. Lookabaugh told Mr. Embley about the situation at Monterey Pass and asked him to get help.

Near the hamlet of Fountain Dale, Charles H. Buhrman a local farmer received a message from Mr. Embley about the capture of several local men that were being held at the Monterey House. Mr. Buhrman also learned about the Confederate retreat at Monterey Pass. Mr. Buhrman mounted his horse and came across one of General Kilpatrick's scouts near Fountain Dale. Union soldiers escorted Mr. Buhrman to General Custer and the
The Battle of Monterey Pass Marker image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, July 11, 2015
2. The Battle of Monterey Pass Marker
The original wayside has been replaced by a new one with a different layout and text.
information was reported to General Kipatrick.

As Mr. Buhrman rode with General Kilpatrick, the 1st Michigan Cavalry came across a 12-year-old girl name Hitty Zeilinger, who told Mr. Buhrman that the Confederates had placed a cannon near the Clermont House on top of the mountain.

She knew Mr. Buhrman and begged him to tell General Kipatrick not to go up to Monterey Pass. One of the 1st Michigan Cavalry soldier lifted the 12-year-old Hitty into his saddle and they traveled up the mountainside. It was about sundown when General Custer's Brigade was at the base of the mountain. The 5th Michigan Cavalry under General Custer was the first of Kipatrick's Cavalry Division to climb the mountain.

As Kilpatrick's Cavalry began to ascend the eastern side of the mountain, Kilpatrick saw the conditions of the road as his troops moved westward. On his right was Monterey Peak, which was a rough rugged portion of Monterey Pass. To the left was a steep ravine and to his front was a road too narrow to deploy his artillery.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Battlefield Trails - Civil War marker series.
 
Location. 39° 44.724′ N, 77° 27.227′ W. Marker is near Fairfield, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is on 1340 Old Waynesboro Road, on the right when traveling
Markers in the Fire Department Parking Lot image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 15, 2010
3. Markers in the Fire Department Parking Lot
south. Click for map. Located in the parking lot of the Fountain Dale Volunteer Fire Department. Marker is in this post office area: Fairfield PA 17320, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Battle of Fountain Dale (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named The Battle of Monterey Pass (approx. 0.9 miles away); a different marker also named The Battle of Monterey Pass (approx. 0.9 miles away); Monterey Academy (approx. 1.3 miles away); 10,000 Soldiers Fight at Monterey Pass (approx. 1.4 miles away); a different marker also named The Battle of Monterey Pass (approx. 1.4 miles away); Brown's Spring (approx. 1.4 miles away); Battle of Monterey Pass/Michigan Cavalry Brigade (approx. 1.5 miles away).
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Battle of Monterey Pass by Markers
 
Also see . . .  Monterey Pass Battlefield Association. The association provides many resources including a guide to the battlefield. (Submitted on May 20, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Road Past Clermont House image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 15, 2010
4. Road Past Clermont House
The road up the mountain turns as it passes through the locality of Charmain. Here the Confederates placed artillery to block Kilpatrick's Cavalry.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,260 times since then and 66 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by David Graff of Halifax, Nova Scotia.   2. submitted on , by Larry Gertner of New York, New York.   3, 4. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on November 15, 2016.
Paid Advertisement