Near Blue Ridge Summit in Franklin County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
The Battle of Monterey Pass
With concerns of the wagon train being attacked by Federal cavalry, Confederate General Grumble Jones volunteered his command to escort it back into Virginia. Through the driving rain, General Ewell's wagon train rumbled out of Fairfield taking a portion of modern day Iron Springs Road to Fairfield Gap, then through Monterey Pass via Maria Furnace Road.
Here is the spot Confederate Captain William Tanner saw the eastern slope of Monterey was left unprotected. He ordered one Napoleon cannon and its limber to be deployed near the Clermont house where the Emmitsburg and Waynesboro Turnpike begins to descend down the eastern slope of the South Mountain.
At around 9 p.m. the 5th Michigan Cavalry came in contact with Confederate pickets of Captain George Emack's company of the 1st Maryland Cavalry that was positioned near the Clermont House. As the weather conditions worsened, the Federal
The 8th Pennsylvania Cavalry dismounted and began to advance on the Emack's position. Seeing that he might be out flanked, Captain Emack withdrew his force about 200 yards past the Monterey House. Captain Tanner then ordered to have the cannon be redeployed from its current position and reinforce Captain Emack where his troopers were. The maneuver was carried out in such a hurry that Captain Tanner's men were forced to leave their limber behind and members of the 8th Pennsylvania took possession of it.
During the Civil War, David Miller was the formal Monterey Inn manager. In 1861, he began to build the Clermont House which was opened to the public in 1864. Among the attendees to stay was Union General Ulysses S. Grant.
Location. 39° 44.329′ N, 77° 28.136′ W. Marker is near Blue Ridge Summit, Pennsylvania, in Franklin County. Marker is on Charmian Road, on the right when traveling west. Click for map. Located in front of the Hawley Memorial Church. Marker is in this post office area: Blue Ridge Summit PA 17214, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking The Battle of Monterey Pass (here, next to this marker); Monterey Academy (approx. 0.4 miles away); 10,000 Soldiers Fight at Monterey Pass (approx. half a mile away); a different marker also named The Battle of Monterey Pass (approx. half a mile away); Brown's Spring (approx. half a mile away); Battle of Monterey Pass/Michigan Cavalry Brigade (approx. 0.6 miles away); a different marker also named The Battle of Monterey Pass (approx. 0.9 miles away); The Battle of Fountain Dale (approx. 0.9 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Blue Ridge Summit.
Also see . . . Monterey Pass Battlefield Association. The association provides many resources including a guide to the battlefield. (Submitted on May 21, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,087 times since then and 116 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 3. submitted on , by David Graff of Halifax, Nova Scotia. 4. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on July 2, 2016.