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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Red Oak in Charlotte County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Salem School

Red Oak, Virginia

 

—Charlotte County —

 
Salem School CRIEHT Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, May 18, 2010
1. Salem School CRIEHT Marker
Inscription. After the Civil War, in the Red Oak area of Charlotte County, many freed slaves were welcomed to worship at Antioch Baptist Church, a traditionally white church. The Antioch congregation helped raise money to build Salem Baptist Church in 1865, specifically for their African-American neighbors. Around 1900 the trustees of Salem Baptist Church deeded a half-acre of land to the Bacon District School Board for the purpose of building a schoolhouse for black students. A one-room school was erected, funded partly by the School Board, but also by the “league” of students’ parents.

The need to improve rural black education was emphasized in a survey in 1921 for public schools in Virginia, and as a result, the original school building was abandoned and the present Salem School building was constructed on the site. The $4,500-facility consisted of three classrooms, in which grades one through seven were taught. There were also a cafeteria, an entrance hall and a cloakroom. The school was in operation until 1959, at which time the property reverted to the ownership of Salem Baptist Church. More recently, the church has deeded the property to the Salem School Preservation Committee, which operates it as a non-profit community center. Salem School was placed on the Virginia Landmarks Register in 1998 and is now used
Salem School Photos image. Click for full size.
2. Salem School Photos
occasionally by Salem Church across the road for gatherings.
 
Erected by Civil Rights in Education Heritage Trail®. (Marker Number 31.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Civil Rights in Education Heritage Trail, and the Rosenwald Schools marker series.
 
Location. 36° 46.167′ N, 78° 38.21′ W. Marker is in Red Oak, Virginia, in Charlotte County. Marker is at the intersection of Cargills Creek Road (County Route 632) and Salem School Road (County Route 608), on the right when traveling west on Cargills Creek Road. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 4050 Salem School Road, Red Oak VA 23964, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 9 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Charlotte County / Mecklenburg County (approx. 3.2 miles away); a different marker also named Charlotte County / Mecklenburg County (approx. 4.6 miles away); Wylliesburgh (approx. 6.3 miles away); Henrietta Lacks (approx. 6.4 miles away); Paul Carrington (approx. 6.5 miles away); Roanoke Plantation (approx. 6.7 miles away); Staunton Bridge Action (approx. 6.8 miles away); Buffalo Springs (approx. 8.5 miles away).
 
More about this marker. On the left are three photos with the captions:
"(Above)
Nannie Elam Hunter, a teacher at Salem School, 1949-59. image. Click for full size.
3. Nannie Elam Hunter, a teacher at Salem School, 1949-59.
Salem School grades 5, 6, and 7 in 1947. Pictured in the third row, third from the right is Ms. A.V. Richardson, teacher and principal."
"(Left) Replacing an outdated log school, Salem School was constructed c.1924 using Rosenwald Funds and local dollars for a total cost of $4,500. Julius Rosenwald was a philanthropist and the president of Sears, Roebuck & Company who authorized the use of funds for the building of schools for African Americans all over the South."
"(Bottom Left) Salem School Students, 1949-50."

On the right is a photo of "(Above Right) Nannie Elam Hunter, a teacher at Salem School, 1949-59."
 
Also see . . .
1. Salem School. The Museum of Charlotte County (Submitted on May 21, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 

2. Civil Rights in Education Heritage Trail. Virginia's Retreat (Submitted on May 21, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 

3. Julius Rosenwald (1862-1932). Sears Archives (Submitted on May 21, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 

4. Salem School (pdf file). National Register of Historic Places (Submitted on May 21, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. 20th CenturyAfrican AmericansChurches, Etc.Education
 
Salem School image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, May 18, 2010
4. Salem School
Salem School image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, May 18, 2010
5. Salem School
Civil Rights in Education Heritage Trail® Map image. Click for full size.
6. Civil Rights in Education Heritage Trail® Map
Appomattox County
1. Winonah Camp/Mozella Price Home
2. Carver-Price School
3. Education in 1800's Rural Virginia

Buckingham County
4. One-Room Schoolhouse
5. Carter G. Woodson Birthplace

Cumberland County
6. Hamilton High School
7. Rosenwald School at Cartersville
8. Jackson Davis

Amelia County
9. Russell Grove Presbyterian Church and School
10. Mrs. Samantha Jane Neil

Chesterfield County
11. Virginia State University

Petersburg
12. Earliest Known Public High School for African Americans in Virginia
13. McKenney Library
14. The Peabody-Williams School

Dinwiddie County
15. Southside Virginia Training Center
16. Rocky Branch School
17. Early Education in Dinwiddie County

Nottoway County
18. Blackstone Female Institute
19. Mt. Nebo Church
20. Ingleside Training Institute

Lunenburg County
21. The People's Community Center
22. St. Matthew's Lutheran Church Christian Day School

Prince Edward County
23. Prince Edward County Public Schools
24. R. R. Moton High School
25. Farmville Female Seminary Association
26. First Baptist Church
27. Beulah AME Church
28. Hampden-Sydney College

Charlotte County
29. Southside Virginia Community College - John H. Daniel Campus
30. Charlotte County Library
31. Salem School

Halifax County
32. Meadville Community Center
33. Mary M. Bethune High School
34. Washington-Coleman Elementary School
35. Mizpah Church

Mecklenburg County
36. Thyne Institute
37. Boydton Academic and Bible Institute

Brunswick County
38. Southside Virginia Community College - Christanna Campus
39. Saint Paul's College
40. Hospital and School of the Good Shepherd
41. Fort Christanna
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 725 times since then and 31 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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