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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Blue Ridge Summit in Franklin County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

10,000 Soldiers Fight at Monterey Pass

 
 
10,000 Soldiers Fight at Monterey Pass Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 15, 2010
1. 10,000 Soldiers Fight at Monterey Pass Marker
Inscription. During a fierce thunderstorm on the evening of July 4, 1863, a nine-mile-long wagon train of supplies, livestock and wounded soldiers made its way from Fairfield through Monterey Pass. This was the advance of the Confederate retreat column from Gettysburg. That same night Union Cavalry met a local 12-year-old girl, Hetty Zeilinger, walking on the road to her home near Monterey Pass. Hetty warned them that Confederates with artillery were blocking the pass. The brave girl offered to guide the troopers through the pass, around the Confederate forces. One of the soldiers lifted her into his saddle. On they rode, leading a column of Union Cavalry through the darkness and rain, seeking to harass the Confederate's rear and flanks as they withdrew back toward the Potomac.

Approximately 10,000 soldiers fought around Monterey Pass. The battle lasted more than six hours, as they struggled in some of the most bewildering combat of the war. In the lightning, gunfire, and confusion, many of the terrified teams of horses and mules bolted down the side of the mountain, crushing the occupants of the wagons. More than 1,500 Confederates were taken prisoner. Next to Gettysburg, Monterey was the largest Civil War action fought in Pennsylvania.
 
Erected by Pennsylvania Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series.
Markers at the Rolando Woods Lion's Club Memorial Park image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 15, 2010
2. Markers at the Rolando Woods Lion's Club Memorial Park
This marker is included in the Pennsylvania Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 39° 44.308′ N, 77° 28.711′ W. Marker is in Blue Ridge Summit, Pennsylvania, in Franklin County. Marker is on Charmain Road, on the right when traveling west. Click for map. Located at the Rolando Woods Lions Club Memorial Park. Marker is in this post office area: Blue Ridge Summit PA 17214, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Battle of Monterey Pass (here, next to this marker); Brown's Spring (within shouting distance of this marker); Battle of Monterey Pass/Michigan Cavalry Brigade (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named The Battle of Monterey Pass (approx. half a mile away); Monterey Academy (approx. half a mile away); a different marker also named The Battle of Monterey Pass (approx. half a mile away); a different marker also named The Battle of Monterey Pass (approx. 1.4 miles away); The Battle of Fountain Dale (approx. 1.4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Blue Ridge Summit.
 
More about this marker. In the center of the marker is a wartime sketch. This illustration of the Confederates retreating toward the Potomac through Monterey Pass was most likely drawn by Alfred Rudolph Waud, a British-American
Custer Overruns Emack's Confederates image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, May 15, 2010
3. Custer Overruns Emack's Confederates
Looking from the marker location past the park entrance east toward Pennsylvania Highway 16 (Buckanan Trail). The old Furnace Road, Mentzer Gap Road, Pennersville Road, and Emmitsburg and Waynesboro Pike all intersected in the vicinity of the modern road intersection. Custer overran Captain Emack's Confederate rear guard here. Confederates fed reinforcements into the fray, but the Federals continued to press the Confederates down the hill westward toward Rouzerville.
newspaper artist that was very popular during the Civil War era. It was relatively common for sketches made quickly on the battlefield to be touched up or re-drawn by other artists so that they may be suitable for publishing in weekly newspapers of the era, including Frank Leslie's Illustrated News and Harper's Weekly.

 
Also see . . .  Monterey Pass Battlefield Association. The association provides many resources including a guide to the battlefield. (Submitted on May 23, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,352 times since then and 44 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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