Near Cascade in Washington County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
War Returns to South Mountain
Battle of Monterey Pass
—Gettysburg Campaign —
During the Battle of Gettysburg, detachments of Gen. Robert E. Lee's army occupied key roads and gaps in South Mountain behind the Confederate line. Monterey Pass, just north of here was one of those vital gaps. On the night of July 3, defeated at Gettysburg, Lee ordered his supply and ambulance trains through the gaps to clear the roads for the army's retreat.
The next night, probing between the Confederate army and South Mountain, Union Gen. H. Judson Kilpatrick's cavalry division caught up with the Confederate wagon train and its defenders at Monterey Pass. He attacked Capt. George H. Emack's Co. B, 1st Maryland Battalion, which Gen. William E. "Grumble" Jones had reinforced with two cavalry regiments and an artillery battery. In pitch dark and pouring rain, a chaotic, vicious fight began around 9 P.M., illuminated by cannon fire, small-arms
Kilpatrick ordered the 1st Vermont Cavalry to pursue the wagon trains to your left along the western base of South Mountain in the valley below. Local resident C.H. Burman guided the regiment through Raven Rock Pass to Smithsburg (to your left). After capturing several wagons at Leitersburg, the Vermonters rejoined Kilpatrick at Ringgold and rode south to Smithsburg. Soon the division was in another fight, this time with part of Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's cavalry corps.
(Sidebar): The Confederate ambulances, supply wagons, artillery caravans, and herds of cattle, sheep, and hogs stretched for more than 50 miles along Pennsylvania's roads. Adding to the misery of the thousands of wounded men who moaned or screamed at every jolt of the wagons, the heavens opened and rain turned the dirt roads to muddy soup.
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 39° 43.023′ N, 77° 30.549′ W. Marker is near Cascade, Maryland, in Washington County Click for map. Located in PenMar Park along the crest of South Mountain and at the Pennsylvania-Maryland border. Marker is in this post office area: Cascade MD 21719, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Old Trolley Line (approx. 0.2 miles away in Pennsylvania); Dr. Henry Harbaugh (approx. 1.1 miles away in Pennsylvania); WW II Veterans Memorial (approx. 1.1 miles away); D-Day Anniversary (approx. 1.1 miles away); Military Intelligence Training Center (approx. 1.1 miles away); Robert F. Barrick Memorial Library (approx. 1.1 miles away); a different marker also named Dr. Henry Harbaugh (approx. 1.4 miles away in Pennsylvania); Battle of Monterey Pass/Michigan Cavalry Brigade (approx. 2.1 miles away in Pennsylvania).
More about this marker. On the lower left is a map of the area depicting the unit movements described on the map. In the lower center are portraits of Generals H. Judson Kilpatrick and William E. "Grumble" Jones. In the sidebar to the right a sketch shows A train of wagons and ambulances slogs through rain and mud, from Battles & Leaders of the Civil War.
Also see . . . Monterey Pass Battlefield Association. (Submitted on May 23, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 918 times since then and 119 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.