Fayetteville in Cumberland County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Fayetteville Independent Light Infantry
The Fayetteville Independent Light Infantry is North Carolina's oldest military unit and the second-oldest militia organization in the U.S.
At the start of the Civil War, after North Carolina seceded, the company enrolled in active service for six months on April 17, 1861, as Company H, 1st North Carolina Infantry. It seized the U.S. arsenal here and occupied it until the Confederate government took control. In May, the company departed for the camp of instruction in Raleigh. The ladies of Fayetteville untrimmed their hats to trim those of the soldiers with black plumes, so the “officers and men of the Independents strutted like gamecocks, with elaborate plumes on their broad brimmed hats.” The company took part in the first major land engagement of the war at Big Bethel, Virginia, on June 10. When the six-month enlistment ended, the group returned to Fayetteville.
On February 22, 1862, the Independents were reorganized, and many members received commissions or appointments in other units. Others joined the Clarendon Guards for duty at Fort Fisher, leaving a home guard here of men too young or too old to fight. Today the Fayetteville Independent Light Infantry, which remained in active service through World War I, is North Carolina's official historic military command and still musters on the parade ground.
[Yellow box text] On August 23, 1793, the Fayetteville Independent Light Infantry Company was organized here as the local militia. Members mustered and drilled on this parade ground, where company fifer Isaac Hammond, an African American who had served in the American Revolution, is also buried. When the Marquis de Lafayette visited Fayetteville in 1825, the Independents escorted him.
Erected by North Carolina Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the North Carolina Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 35° 3.191′ N, 78° 52.431′ W. Marker is in Fayetteville, North Carolina, in Cumberland County. Marker is at the intersection of Cool Spring Street and Meeting Click for map. Marker is about 50 feet south of Evans Metropolitan AME Zion Church. Marker is in this post office area: Fayetteville NC 28301, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Fayetteville Independent Light Infantry Company (a few steps from this marker); Cross Creek Linear Park (within shouting distance of this marker); Flora Macdonald (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Confederate War Memorial (about 500 feet away); Cross Creek Cemetery (about 500 feet away); Henry Evans (about 700 feet away); First Presbyterian Church (approx. 0.2 miles away); Liberty Point Declaration of Independence (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Fayetteville.
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker.
Also see . . .
1. Fayetteville Independent Light Infantry. (Submitted on May 24, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
2. FILI Museum Info. (Submitted on May 24, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
3. Roy Raby's FSU Dissertation Abstract on FILI. (Submitted on May 24, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
4. Edmund Jones Williams Collection at UNC. (Submitted on May 24, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.)
Categories. • Fraternal or Sororal Organizations • Government • Heroes • Military • Notable Events • Notable Places • Patriots & Patriotism • Settlements & Settlers • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page has been viewed 1,004 times since then and 73 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.