Midlothian in Chesterfield County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Mid-Lothian Mines and Rail Roads
The Mid-Lothian Mines Park is in the heart of Midlothianís coal mining past and is encompassed by the Richmond Coal Basin. Mining in the Midlothian area of the Basin represents the first attempt at commercial coal mining in North America. The Mid-Lothian Mines probably gave the village of Midlothian its name. The Richmond Coal Basin runs north and south and is approximately 33 miles long and 5 to 10 miles wide. It encompasses about 150 square miles in the counties of Henrico, Goochland, Hanover, Chesterfield, Powhatan and Amelia. The Richmond Coal Basin crosses the James River west of Richmond and the Appomattox River at its southern tip. Its bituminous coal seam, 5 to 50 feet thick, rests on an oblong granite basin.
Formation of Coal as a Fossil Fuel
Coal in the Richmond Basin is an upper Triassic formation, compacted more than 160 million years ago. At that time, the Richmond area was a dense warm lowland forest/swamp of huge green trees and plants growing beside rivers, lakes and marshes bordered by granite hills. In this tropical forest grew giant pine-like trees with tall rushes underneath. Living in the warm swampland and waters were small lizard-like dinosaurs and ancient fish. As the animals, trees and plants died, they fell into the swamp and
Erected 2009 by Chesterfield Heritage Alliance, Chesterfield County Parks & Recreation.
Location. 37° 29.694′ N, 77° 38.563′ W. Marker is in Midlothian, Virginia, in Chesterfield County. Marker can be reached from North Woolridge Road 0.3 miles south of Walton Park Road. Click for map. This marker is located along the multi-use trail in the Mid-Lothian Mines Park. Marker is at or near this postal address: 13301 North Woolridge Road, Midlothian VA 23114, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Mid-Lothian Mines and Rail Roads (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different Mid-Lothian Mines and Rail Roads (approx. 0.3 miles away); a different marker also named Mid-Lothian Mines and Rail Roads (approx. 0.3 miles away); a different marker also named Mid-Lothian Mines and Rail Roads (approx. half a mile away); Midlothian Coal Mines (approx. 0.6 miles away); Salisbury (approx. 0.6 miles away); Union Raid On Coalfield Station (approx. 0.6 miles away); Winfree Memorial Baptist Church (approx. 0.8 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Midlothian.
More about this marker. On the right is a "Map of Midlothian Coal Co.ís land. Surveyed by J.E. LaPrade in September 1860. Courtesy of Chesterfield Historical Society of Virginia."
Also see . . .
1. Mid-Lothian Mines & Rail Roads Foundation. (Submitted on June 5, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
2. Mid-Lothian Mines and Rail. Chesterfield Heritage Alliance, Virginia (Submitted on June 5, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
Categories. • Industry & Commerce • Natural Resources • Railroads & Streetcars •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,014 times since then and 16 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.