Near Richmond in Madison County, Kentucky — The American South (East South Central)
The Confederates Crush The Union Left
Manson's Fragile Union Line
General Mahlon Manson, the Union commander, saw the Confederates advancing toward the left end of his line. He kept shifting his line east all morning, hoping to counter an expected attack. He did not see the other Confederate force hidden by the ravine west of the road.
Two Confederate Assaults
The first Confederate assault came from the ravine and hit the Union left, halting near the base of the knoll. As the main Confederate advance began, a second assault was initiated by the Tennessee troops massed in the ravine. The hidden Confederates emerged from the ravine, "howling like the wind" and smashed the stunned and ill-trained Indiana defenders. This attack came just as the weakly held Union flank across the road was disintegrating under the pressure of another Confederate flank attack.
The Union Line Breaks and Runs
These coordinated attacks pushed both ends of the Union line toward the middle. The pressure was too much for the inexperienced Union soldiers. After a very brief stand they fled
On a small knoll about 125 yards to your southeast, Confederate infantry, hidden by the adjacent ravine to your left, attacked the left left flank and rear of the Union line.
The Confederates routed the Union soldiers, who retreated in disorder toward Rogersville.
Erected by Civil War Discovery Trail.
Location. 37° 40.508′ N, 84° 15.075′ W. Marker is near Richmond, Kentucky, in Madison County. Click for map. The marker is located on the Bluegrass Army Depot. This is a restricted-access area and not accessible to the general public. Marker is in this post office area: Richmond KY 40475, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Manson's First Line (here, next to this marker); Civil War Field Hospital (approx. 0.2 miles away); Mt. Zion Church - Field Hospital (approx. 0.2 miles away); Michigan Light Artillery Regiment / Batteries F and G (approx. 0.2 miles away); Union Artillery Manson's Mistake (approx. 0.6 miles away); A Reckless And Useless Charge (approx. 0.6 miles away); A Near Fatal Mistake (approx. 0.6 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Richmond.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama. This page has been viewed 594 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.