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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Winchester in Frederick County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Third Battle of Winchester

Confederate Defense

 
 
The Third Battle of Winchester Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 26, 2007
1. The Third Battle of Winchester Marker
Inscription. In the mid-morning of September 19, Confederate Gen. John B. Gordon's infantry, veteran troops from Georgia, Louisiana, and Virginia, took position to your right on the other side of Hackwood Lane. At 11:40 a.m., at the sound of artillery fire, infantry of the Union Nineteenth Corps advanced upon the Confederates. During the assault, Confederate Col. Carter M. Braxton brought seven guns to the hill on which you are standing.

Braxton positioned his guns wheel to wheel, loaded with double canister - two cans each filled with dozens of iron balls - and waited. When the Union troops were within 60 yards, recalled one Confederate, "the guns fired as one, when the front line of the enemy was almost close enough to feel the flame of the powder." These cannon, along with Confederate horse artillery firing from the other side of Red Bud Run, devastated the Union line. An Iowa soldier called it, "one of the most withering fires of shot, shell, and canister I have ever witnessed." Another soldier wondered how "so many of us got off alive."
 
Erected by Civil War Preservation Trust.
 
Location. 39° 12.051′ N, 78° 7.752′ W. Marker is near Winchester, Virginia, in Frederick County. Marker can be reached
Help Preserve 3rd Winchester image. Click for more information.
2. Help Preserve 3rd Winchester
Details of CWPT efforts to save this battlefield.
Click for more information.
from Redbud Road (County Route 661), on the right when traveling east. Click for map. Located at the Confederate Defense Setup Wayside, along the Battle Trail, inside the CWPT Third Winchester Battlefield site. The closest trailhead to this marker is along Redbud Road. Marker is in this post office area: Winchester VA 22603, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Third Battle of Winchester (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (about 500 feet away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named The Third Battle of Winchester (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Winchester.
 
More about this marker. On the lower left is a battle map showing the tactical situation between 11:40 a.m. and 1:30 p.m. on September 19, 1864. On the right is a drawing depicting
The Battle Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 26, 2007
3. The Battle Map
Note how well integrated were the artillery of Braxton and Breathed. The rose shaded area in the middle of the map indicates the area covered by Confederate artillery fires. At the time of the battle, this section of the battlefield was open, and was called "Middle Field" by the Federal leaders in their after action reports.
Braxton's position - "This sketch by J.E. Taylor shows Braxton's position after the battle."
 
Also see . . .
1. Summary of the Battle of Third Winchester. The action described on the marker falls under Phase 4 of this National Parks Service summary. (Submitted on October 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. CWPT Walking Tour of The Third Battle of Winchester. This marker is one along the walking trail around a portion of the Third Winchester Battlefield, preserved by the Civil War Preservation Trust. (Submitted on October 27, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Confederate Defense Wayside image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, March 15, 2008
4. Confederate Defense Wayside
The marker faces to the southeast off the trail in the center. The next stop, Hackwood House, is just before the tree line in the distance.
Middle Field image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 26, 2007
5. Middle Field
Trees have grown, and covered, portions of Middle Field today, but not so much to obscure the view Braxton's gunners had of the Federal mid-day advance.
Braxton's Position image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 26, 2007
6. Braxton's Position
Looking from the Federal side of the field, the Confederate artillery was positioned at the higher ground, in the vicinity of the modern fence line in the distance.
Hackwood Lane image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 26, 2007
7. Hackwood Lane
This road cut across the Middle Field at the time of the battle. The trees were not present at the time of the battle.
Hackwood Lane Sign image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 26, 2007
8. Hackwood Lane Sign
The small sign on the lower right of the photo above reads:
You are standing on Hackwood Lane. Running east to west, it was part of a network of country lanes connecting the Berryville Pike and the Valley Pike in the mid-19th century. The trees on either side were not present during the battle.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,289 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   2. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   3. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   4. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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