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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Bamberg in Bamberg County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Woodlands

 
 
Woodlands Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, 2010
1. Woodlands Marker
Inscription. (Front text)
Woodlands was the country home of William Gilmore Simms (1806-1870), the most prominent and prolific writer of the antebellum South, from 1836 to his death. A novelist, poet, historian, critic, and essayist best known for his novels about colonial and Revolutionary S.C., Simms was described as “the ornament and the pride of the State he loved so well” at his death in 1870.

(Reverse text)
In 1836 Simms, a widower, married Chevillette Roach (1817-1863) of Barnwell District. He and his wife moved to this 4,000-acre plantation owned by her father, Nash Roach. The house burned in 1862, was rebuilt, burned again in 1865, and rebuilt on a smaller scale in 1867. Woodlands, described in a Simms poem as “these grand old woods,” was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1975.
 
Erected 2005 by The Historical Society of Bamberg County. (Marker Number 5-10.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the National Historic Landmarks marker series.
 
Location. 33° 16.349′ N, 80° 57.625′ W. Marker is in Bamberg, South Carolina, in Bamberg County. Marker is on Heritage Highway (U.S. 78), on the left when traveling west. Click for map.
Woodlands Marker, reverse side image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, May 30, 2010
2. Woodlands Marker, reverse side
Located between Wray's Road and Dot's Court. Marker is in this post office area: Bamberg SC 29003, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 11 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Carlisle Military School (approx. 4.4 miles away); Bamberg (approx. 4.5 miles away); Bamberg County Confederate Monument (approx. 4.6 miles away); Pinewood Plantation (approx. 7.8 miles away); South Carolina Canal & Rail Road Company (approx. 8.5 miles away); Branchville Depot (approx. 8.5 miles away); Orangeburg County (approx. 8.5 miles away); Voorhees College (approx. 10.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Bamberg.
 
Regarding Woodlands. A significant literary landmark, Woodlands was the country estate home of William Gilmore Simms, son-in-law of Nash Roach, a gentleman of English descent and wealthy owner of several plantations. In 1836, Simms, noted Southern author, married Roach’s daughter, Chevilette Eliza, and was given Woodlands Plantation. Simms said in his letters, about 1836-1857, “I am moving into an ancient dwelling largely fallen into disrepair.” In 1859, Simms began enlargement of the house, adding a library and nursery wings, which considerably increased the impressiveness of the residence. In 1862, the original house burned
Woodlands Marker, looking west image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, May 30, 2010
3. Woodlands Marker, looking west
except for the library wing. The second house, including much of Simms’ extensive personal library, was burned in 1865 by stragglers of the Federal army. In 1868, Simms once again endeavored to “render Woodlands habitable.” The present house retains the windows and most of the woodwork Simms assembled in Charleston, where he had a town house. There were also twelve outbuildings that stood at in a semi-circle at the back of the house, two remain, although the foundations of all have been located. One became Simms’ study. As a result of Simms’ literary prominence, Woodlands became a center of literary activity where such distinguished visitors as William Cullen Bryant, G. P. R. James, John R. Thompson, Paul Hayne, James Lawson, and Henry Timrod were frequently received. Listed in the National Register November 11, 1971; Designated as a National Historic Landmark November 11, 1971. (South Carolina Department of Archives and History)
 
Also see . . .  William Gilmore Simms, From Wikipedia. William Gilmore Simms (April 17, 1806 – June 11, 1870) was a poet, novelist and historian from the American South whose novels achieved great prominence during the 19th century, with Edgar Allan Poe pronouncing him the best novelist America had ever produced... (Submitted on June 19, 2010, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.) 
 
Categories. Notable BuildingsNotable Persons
 
Woodlands Marker seen looking east along Heritage Highway (U.S. 78) image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, May 30, 2010
4. Woodlands Marker seen looking east along Heritage Highway (U.S. 78)
Woodlands image. Click for full size.
South Carolina Department of Archives and History, circa 1971
5. Woodlands
National Register Historic Places: Woodlands *** (added 1971 - Building - #71000742) • Also known as William Gilmore Simms Estate • Period of Significance: 1825-1849, 1850-1874 •
Partial view of Woodlands image. Click for full size.
Courtesy of the Historic American Buildings Survey, circa 1975
6. Partial view of Woodlands
Habs SC, 5-BAMB.V,1-1
Woodlands Study image. Click for full size.
Courtesy of the Historic American Buildings Survey, circa 1975
7. Woodlands Study
Habs SC,5-BAMB.V,1-2
Woodlands Outbuilding - Dairy House image. Click for full size.
Courtesy of the Historic American Buildings Survey, circa 1975
8. Woodlands Outbuilding - Dairy House
Habs SC,5-BAMB.V,1-3
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 1,115 times since then and 31 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.   6, 7, 8. submitted on , by Michael Sean Nix of Spartanburg, South Carolina. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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