Inscription. A three-pronged attack, known as the Campaign of 1777, was launched by the British under the direction of Maj. Gen. John Burgoyne. The strategy was to split New England from the other colonies by gaining control of New York State.
By Dale K. Benington, June 15, 2010
|1. Campaign of 1777 Marker|
During his march down the Mohawk Valley from Oswego to Albany, Lt. Col. Barry St. Leger met unexpected resistance at Fort Stanwix, then under the command of Col. Peter Gansevoort. St.Leger's small army of British regulars, loyalist Royal Greens and Indian allies laid siege to the fort.
Upon hearing of St. Leger's advance, Brig. Gen. Nicholas Herkimer assembled the Tryon County militia at Fort Dayton to go to Gansevoort's aid. On August 4, 1777, Herkimer, with 800 militiamen, began the forty-mile march west from Fort Dayton to Fort Stanwix.
When St. Leger learned that Herkimer and his relief expedition were on their way, he sent Joseph Brant, a Mohawk chief, with 400 Mohawk and Seneca, and Sir John Johnson, with 50 of his Royal Greens, to stop them. Their clash at the Battle of Oriskany was one of the key episodes of the Campaign of 1777.
Location. Marker has been confirmed missing. It was likely located near 43° 10.642′ N, 75° 22.144′ W. Marker was near Oriskany, New York, in Oneida County
. Marker was on Rome Oriskany Road (New York Route 69) 0.4 miles east of Monument Road, on the left when traveling west. Click for map. Marker was in this post office area: Oriskany NY 13424, United States of America.
By Dale K. Benington, June 15, 2010
|2. Campaign of 1777 Marker|
|View of historic marker (which is the 6th stop on the walking tour) in the left foreground and in the distant right background is the next historic marker on the Oriskany Battlefield walking tour.|
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this location. In the Valley homes was great mourning (within shouting distance of this marker); Alliances Drawn (within shouting distance of this marker); A Clash of Cultures (within shouting distance of this marker); The Rally (within shouting distance of this marker); Here the Battle of Oriskany Was Fought (within shouting distance of this marker); A Final Attempt (within shouting distance of this marker); Relief for Fort Stanwix (within shouting distance of this marker); Welcome to Oriskany Battlefield (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Oriskany.
More about this marker. This historical marker is the 6th stop in a walking tour of the Oriskany Battlefield.
Regarding Campaign of 1777. I stopped by this historic site on my journey to visit with my daughter's family in Connecticut. Upon arriving at in the parking area I noticed that there were some new markers, so I took the full walking tour and noticed several changes to this park site.
First, when I made my original trip here the signs indicated that it was a state park that had fallen victim to state budget cuts. This year however the park seemed to have somehow been incorporated into the national park system and I had the opportunity to speak with a national park ranger. The ranger told me that members of the National Park Service staff from neighboring Fort Stanwix rotate service over at the Oriskany Battlefield Park on a daily basis.
Second, it appeared that the National Park Service had made some improvements to the park, including changing the course of the steep walking trail through the ravine at the ambush site, removing some old and faded markers, and added some new and different markers.
From talking with the park ranger it would appear that this marker was one of the old and faded historical markers that was removed and that there is no intention of replacing this specific historical marker.
Also see . . .
1. Burgoyne Campaign of 1777. American Public University's, United States history. (Submitted on June 20, 2010, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.)
2. The Saratoga Campaign, 1777. This is a link to a site on the Military History Encyclopedia on the Web. (Submitted on June 20, 2010, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.)
3. The British Campaign of 1777. This is a link to the KurtTeej Online American History section. (Submitted on June 20, 2010, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.)
Credits. This page originally submitted on June 20, 2010, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 321 times since then. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on June 20, 2010, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.
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