“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Castel Gandolfo in Metropolitan City of Rome, Lazio, Italy — Central Italy (Tyrrhenian Coast)

World’s First Mailbox

World’s First Mailbox Marker image. Click for full size.
By Roger W. Sinnott, June 10, 2004
1. World’s First Mailbox Marker
The brass mail slot itself is located directly under the marker. It is mounted on a marble slab that is set into the wall of the building.
Città di Castel Gandolfo
Il 23 Novembre 1820
Il Consiglio Comunale di Castel Gandolfo
Composto da
Paolo Mallozzi - Luogotenente
Marco Troiani - Capo Pretore
Candido Marazzi - Pretore
Filippo Albenzi - Pretore
E dai consiglieri
Stefano Evangelisti · Giuseppe Togni · Giuseppe Bernini
Giuseppe di Lucia · Francesco Marroni · Vincenzo Stazi
Giuseppe Manufelli · Giuseppe Gasperini · Domenico Lolli
Luca Campodonico · Francesco Alberti · Angelo Antonio Iacorossi
Approvarono l’idea del consigliere
Angelo Antonio Iacorossi
Per la Quale nella Piazza di Castel Gandolfo Fu Fatta Sistemare
La prima cassetta
d’impostazione delle lettere
al mondo

Nel 175° anniversario dell’ evento
L’amministrazione comunale della città di Castel Gandolfo
Rende omaggio alla genialità ed alla lungimiranza
dei suoi illustri predecessori E
Castel Gandolfo 16 Dicembre 1995
Con la collaborazione della
Associazione Castel Gandolfo

(English translation) At the city of Castel Gandolfo, on November 23, 1820, the City Council of Castel Gandolfo, composed of Paolo Mallozzi - Lieutenant, Marco Troiani - Chief Magistrate, Candido
View of the Piazza della Libertà in Castel Gandolfo, Italy image. Click for full size.
By Roger W. Sinnott, June 12, 2004
2. View of the Piazza della Libertà in Castel Gandolfo, Italy
The pope’s summer residence and headquarters of the Vatican Observatory are at center. The marker is located under the yellow postal sign on the row of buildings to the right.
Marazzi - Praetor, Filippo Albenzi - Praetor; and council members Stefano Evangelisti, Giuseppe Togni, Giuseppe Bernini, Giuseppe di Lucia, Francesco Marroni, Vincenzo Stazi, Giuseppe Manufelli, Giuseppe Gasperini, Domenico Lolli, Luca Campodonico, Francesco Alberti and Angelo Antonio Iacorossi; endorsed an idea of counsellor Angelo Antonio Iacorossi that at the square of Castel Gandolfo be installed the first mailbox in the world for sending letters.

At the 175th anniversary of this event the municipality of Castel Gandolfo proudly pays tribute to the genius and foresight of its illustrious former countrymen.

Castel Gandolfo, December 16, 1995; with the cooperation of the Castel Gandolfo Association.
Erected 1995 by City of Castel Gandolfo.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Postal Mail and Philately marker series.
Location. 41° 44.803′ N, 12° 39.031′ E. Marker is in Castel Gandolfo, Lazio, in Metropolitan City of Rome. Click for map. The marker is to the right of the Palazzo Papale (the pope’s summer residence) when you are standing in the middle of the Piazza della Libertà. Look for the yellow postal (PT) sign. Marker is in this post office area: Castel Gandolfo, Lazio 00040, Italy.
Other nearby markers. At least
Panoramic View of Lake Albano image. Click for full size.
By Roger W. Sinnott, June 8, 2004
3. Panoramic View of Lake Albano
Around the corner from the mailbox and its marker is this vista, looking east. Click on it for a larger view.
8 other markers are within 21 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Anfiteatro Flavio/The Flavian Amphitheatre (approx. 20.7 kilometers away); The Palatine "Stadium" / "Stadio" Palatino (approx. 20.7 kilometers away); Arch of Constantine (approx. 20.7 kilometers away); Nymphaeum and Adjoining Cisterns / Ninfeo e Annesse Cisterne (approx. 20.7 kilometers away); The 'Stadium' / Lo 'Stadio' (approx. 20.7 kilometers away); Domus Augustana. Upper Peristyle / Peristilio Superiore (approx. 20.8 kilometers away); The Upper Peristyle of the Domus Augustana (approx. 20.8 kilometers away); Palatine Museum / Museo Palatino (approx. 20.8 kilometers away).
More about this marker. The submitter of this page thanks Ernesto Guido (Remanzacco Observatory) for help in reading the text of this marker.
Regarding World’s First Mailbox. People have exchanged mail for centuries, originally with the help of friends, travelers, merchants, and private messenger services. Ships meeting at mid-ocean would swap mail pouches. Sometimes the recipient, rather than the sender, paid the delivery fee. Finally, in the first half of the 19th century, national governments began issuing official postage stamps to standardize the process. For example, the U.S. Postal Service gives 1847 as the date of the first U.S. postage stamps and 1858 as the first year of letter boxes on streets.

Castel Gandolfo is a mountain town some 30 km (by car) southeast of Rome. Its historic mailbox dates from 1820 and is located adjacent to the Vatican Observatory, which also serves as the pope’s residence each summer. The marker itself was added in 1995, on the 175th anniversary of the mailbox at that site.
Also see . . .  Wikipedia entry for Mail. Overview and history of postal distribution around the world. (Submitted on June 27, 2010, by Roger W. Sinnott of Chelmsford, Massachusetts.) 
Categories. CommunicationsGovernmentNotable Places
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Roger W. Sinnott of Chelmsford, Massachusetts. This page has been viewed 2,517 times since then and 101 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Roger W. Sinnott of Chelmsford, Massachusetts. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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