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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Frederick in Frederick County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Confederates Invade Maryland

 
 
Confederates Invade Maryland Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 7, 2007
1. Confederates Invade Maryland Marker
Inscription. 7:00 a.m, July 9, 1864

Confederate troops under Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early streamed through the gaps of South Mountain and the Catoctins and headed south past Frederick. Bound for Washington, D.C., they were stopped here at the Best family farm by Union troops defending the bridges over the Monocacy River.

General Early decided a head-on attack would be too costly and spread his men across these farmlands. While Maj. Gen. Stephen D. Ramseur pinned down the Union center, Early sent Brig. Gen. John McCausland and Maj. Gen. John C. Breckinridge around to the southwest, hoping to find a place to ford the river and attack the Union's left flank.

The men took off blankets, oilcloths, etc., and stretched them in fence corners, on muskets and rails, to make a shelter from the sun...in the road and on a hill which overlooked the battle that was about to be fought in our front.
1st Sgt. John H. Worsham, 21st Virgina.
 
Erected by Monocacy National Battlefield
National Parks Service.
 
Location. This marker has been replaced by another marker nearby. It was located near 39° 22.236′ N, 77° 23.922′ W. Marker was near Frederick, Maryland, in Frederick County. Marker could be reached from Urbana
Confederates Invade Maryland marker at the Best Farm image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, April 12, 2011
2. Confederates Invade Maryland marker at the Best Farm
The marker is seen here at its new location at the Best Farm, stop 1 on the Monocacy Battlefield driving tour.
Pike (State Highway 355), on the right when traveling south. Click for map. Located at on the Best Farm Lane, in the parking lot for for stop number one for the driving tour of Monocacy Battlefield. Marker was in this post office area: Frederick MD 21704, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this location. Caught in the Crossfire (here, next to this marker); L'Hermitage (a few steps from this marker); 14th New Jersey Infantry Regiment (approx. 0.3 miles away); Commemoration (approx. 0.3 miles away); Nick of Time (approx. 0.4 miles away); Slave to Soldier (approx. 0.4 miles away); Battle of Monocacy (approx. 0.4 miles away); This Boulder Overlooks the Monocacy Battlefield (approx. 0.4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Frederick.
 
More about this marker. On the lower left is a map showing this phase in the battle. A portrait of Gen. Early is in the center.

On the lower right is a series of drawings and photographs. From left to right, the first is a drawing captioned, "On the morning of July 9, Jubal Early, demanded a $200,000 ransom from the citizens of Frederick. Previously, on July 6, as they were leaving the Shenandoah Valley, Early ordered Brig. Gen. John McCausland to exact a $200,000 ransom from Hagerstown. By mistake he obtained only $20,000, plus some clothing."

The
The Battle Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 7, 2007
3. The Battle Map
center of the three pictures is a portrait of "John Breckinridge" who "had served as vice president in James Buchanan's administration, 1857-61."

On the right is a portrait of "Fearless Stephen Ramseur, 27 years old," who "was a staunch advocate of slavery. He resigned from the Union army even before his state, North Carolina, seceded."

This marker was replaced by a new one named L'Hermitage (see nearby markers)
 
Also see . . .
1. Battle of Monocacy. National Parks Service Site for the Battle. (Submitted on October 31, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Monocacy Battlefield Markers. This marker is among several describing the battle of Monocacy, to "tour" the battlefield see the related markers. (Submitted on November 4, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Previous Location of Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, January 29, 2007
4. Previous Location of Marker
This marker was next to the UDC and Maryland Monuments along Urbana Pike (MD 355), but were moved in the summer of 2007. Ramseur's Division marched forward from this point, directed just to the north of the Best Farm. Much of the ground between this point and the farm was covered by a grove of trees at the time of the battle.
Confederates Invade Maryland Marker image. Click for full size.
By Brandon Fletcher, June 25, 2009
5. Confederates Invade Maryland Marker
Summer time
View from the Urbana Pike Pulloff image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 7, 2007
6. View from the Urbana Pike Pulloff
The same view of Ramseur's line of march, taken in the summer, almost on the anniversary of the battle.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,597 times since then and 34 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   2. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   3, 4. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   5. submitted on , by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee.   6. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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