Near Burlington in Alamance County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Glencoe - Picker House and Dye House
After drivers delivered bales of raw cotton to Glencoe, the first step in transforming it to woven cloth took place in the Picker House. Men unpacked the cotton from the bales and removed such debris as twigs, leaves, and bugs. To reduce risk of fire from cotton dust and debris, the Picker House was separated from the mill. The men fed the raw cotton into the breaker lapper, which beat and drew out the cotton fibers to clean it and form the raw fiber into "laps" - loosely matted cotton sheets about three to four feet wide.
3. Dye House
In this brick building workers dyed and dried cotton for Glencoe's trademark plaid and striped fabrics. A skilled dye-master oversaw the mixing of coloring agents according to secret formulas. Men in the "dye room" at the north end of the building lowered wooden racks of raw cotton into the two huge metal boilers containing hot dyes. In the "dry room" at the southern end, men placed the racks of dyed cotton into a large centrifugal dryer that whirled the fiber to remove the moisture. A steam engine and later electricity powered the dye house operation. Records show that between 1902 to 1910 the workers dyed from 6,000 to 10,000 pounds of cotton per week.
Location. 36° 8.326′ N, 79° 25.671′ Click for map. Glencoe Village is 3 miles north of Burlington, NC from NC Highway 62. Marker is in this post office area: Burlington NC 27215, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Glencoe - Power, Wheel House and Turbine (here, next to this marker); Glencoe - The Mill Buildings (here, next to this marker); Glencoe - Life in the Mill Village (a few steps from this marker); Glencoe Management Houses (within shouting distance of this marker); Glencoe - Company Office and Store (within shouting distance of this marker); The Rise of the Textile Mill Communities (within shouting distance of this marker); Living in a Mill-Centered World (within shouting distance of this marker); Neighbors Divided (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Burlington.
Also see . . .
1. Glencoe Research Forum. This website provides information on historic Glencoe Mill and the restored mill village. (Submitted on June 30, 2010, by Patrick G. Jordan of Burlington, North Carolina.)
2. GlencoeTextile Heritage Museum. (Submitted on June 30, 2010, by Patrick G. Jordan of Burlington, North Carolina.)
Categories. • 20th Century • Industry & Commerce • Notable Places •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Patrick G. Jordan of Burlington, North Carolina. This page has been viewed 589 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Patrick G. Jordan of Burlington, North Carolina. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.