Harding in Morris County, New Jersey — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Sons of Saint Patrick
The Irish at Jockey Hollow
—Morristown National Historical Park —
Irishmen fought on both sides of the American Revolution.
For the British, they fought in battles from Maine to Georgia as members of the Royal Irish Artillery, the Queen’s Rangers and the Volunteers of Ireland.
However, the largest number of Irishmen served in the American Army. Seven out of the eleven brigades in Jockey Hollow were commanded by generals born in Ireland or who had Irish parents. It is estimated that one quarter of the entire Continental Army was from Ireland. In some regiments from Pennsylvania and Maryland, almost half of the soldiers were Irish. The Irish were so numerous in the Pennsylvania Line that General Henry Lee (“Light Horse Harry”) of Virginia referred to it as the “Line of Ireland.”
St. Patrick’s Day was one holiday General Washington granted the army in Jockey Hollow during the hard winter of 1779-1780. He hoped that by recognizing the Irish holiday it might further political unrest in Ireland.
General Washington ordered all work parties to
Funding for this wayside was provided by the Friendly Sons of Saint Patrick of Morris County, the Irish American Cultural Institute.
Location. 40° 46.484′ N, 74° 32.251′ W. Marker is in Harding, New Jersey, in Morris County. Marker is on Grand Parade Road, on the left when traveling east. Click for map. Marker is in Morristown National Historical Park, along the tour road. Marker is in this post office area: Morristown NJ 07960, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Pennsylvania Line (within shouting distance of this marker); Settling in (within shouting distance of this marker); A Revolutionary Winter (within shouting distance of this marker); Continental Army Encampment at Morristown (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Soldier’s Hut [Replica] (about 500 feet away); Officer’s Hut [Replica] A heritage of hearths (approx. 0.2 miles away); Inspections (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Harding.
More about this marker. The left side of the marker contains an illustration of soldiers around a campfire by artist Donald Trojani and from the National Park Service/Harpers Ferry Center Commissioned Art Collection.
The right of the marker features a picture of the “Independence of Ireland” flag mentioned on the marker. It has a caption of “Flag possibly created for Saint Patrick’s Day, 1780. Flag’s design based on a contemporary source (see opening quote), and probably a modification of an already existing regimental flag.”
Below this is a picture of a Clay pipe with Irish harp and shamrocks and has the caption “Image based on archeological fragment found in Jockey Hollow and now part of Morristown National Historical Park’s museum collection (MORR 8911). Actual pipe bowl approximately 1” high.” Flag and pipe artist: Mark de Mos.
Also see . . . Morristown National Historical Park. National Park Service website. (Submitted on July 5, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
Categories. • War, US Revolutionary •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 857 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. 4. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.