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Tampa in Hillsborough County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
The Buffalo Soldiers in Tampa Heights
1898
 
The Buffalo Soldiers in Tampa Heights Marker Photo, Click for full size
By AGS Media, July 1, 2010
1. The Buffalo Soldiers in Tampa Heights Marker
 
Inscription.
  African-Americans have served valiantly in all of America's wars. Although black soldiers fought and died in previous conflicts, they were not permitted to enlist as army regulars until after the Civil War. Organized into separate infantry and cavalry units, the black regiments were assigned to protect settlers in the American West. Native Americans, in honor of the fighting spirit of the African-American troops, called them "Buffalo Soldiers."
  In April 1898, the United States declared war against Spain. Thousands of U.S. soldiers arrived in Tampa to prepare for an invasion of Cuba. Ten regiments, including two black units, camped on the fringes of the elegant Tampa Heights neighborhood. The Twenty-fourth Infantry was located just north of this marker, while the Twenty-fifth camped to the southeast.
  The Buffalo Soldiers fostered pride among local blacks while encountering hostility in Tampa. On the eve of the army's embarkation for Cuba, Tampa was the scene of a serious clash between the black and white troops. Overcoming racial obstacles, the Buffalo Soldiers distinguished themselves on the battlefield in Cuba and the Philippines, earning five medals of honor for valor at San Juan and El Caney.
 
Erected by The Hillsborough County Historical Advisory Council
in cooperation with
The Tampa Historical Society
 
The Buffalo Soldiers in Tampa Heights Marker Photo, Click for full size
By AGS Media, July 1, 2010
2. The Buffalo Soldiers in Tampa Heights Marker
Viewed across East Columbus Drive
 
.
 
Location. 27° 58.016′ N, 82° 27.313′ W. Marker is in Tampa, Florida, in Hillsborough County. Marker is at the intersection of East Columbus Drive and North Central Avenue, on the left when traveling east on East Columbus Drive. Click for map. The marker is on the northeast corner of the intersection, beside a grassy field enclosed by a fence (the field in which the Twenty-fourth Infantry made camp, as noted by the marker). The field is within the boundaries of the Tampa Heights Historic District (a National and Local Historic District). Marker is in this post office area: Tampa FL 33602, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. George Washington Junior High School (approx. 0.2 miles away); German-American Club (approx. 0.3 miles away); El Centro Asturiano de Tampa (approx. 0.4 miles away); Hillsborough County High School (approx. 0.4 miles away); Old People's Home (approx. 0.6 miles away); Cueto Boarding House (approx. 0.6 miles away); Greater New Salem Primitive Baptist Church (approx. 0.6 miles away); Ybor City Historic District (approx. 0.7 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Tampa.
 
More about this marker. Across North Central Avenue from the marker stands St. James House of Prayer Episcopal Church. The distinctive stone chapel, built in 1922 in the Gothic Revival style, and otherwise known as the Episcopal House of Prayer or "The Rock Church" (for its construction), was listed with the National Register of Historic Places in 1995 (#91000105). It is also a contributing structure to the Tampa Heights Historic District and a City of Tampa Local Landmark Structure.
 
The Buffalo Soldiers in Tampa Heights Marker Photo, Click for full size
By AGS Media, July 1, 2010
3. The Buffalo Soldiers in Tampa Heights Marker
The view across North Central Avenue
 

 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
 
Also see . . .
1. "Buffalo Soldiers" Woods & Wanton Chapter, Inc. of Tampa Bay of the 9th and 10th (Horse) Cavalry. The Buffalo Soldiers are a non-profit organization that is committed to fostering patriotism, courage, and self reliance in our youth by community involvement, supporting local schools and youth organizations, promoting sound mind, body, and spirit, and exemplifying high moral standards, and respect for God and country. (Submitted on July 3, 2010, by Glenn Sheffield of Tampa, Florida.) 

2. "A Mystery Unburied". Racial conflict in Tampa on the eve of the army's departure for Cuba. (Submitted on July 9, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.) 
 
Additional keywords. Tampa Heights Historic District; St. James House of Prayer Episcopal Church.
 
The corner of Central and Columbus Photo, Click for full size
By AGS Media, July 1, 2010
4. The corner of Central and Columbus
The marker is seen across from the Episcopal House of Prayer.
 
 
St. James House of Prayer Episcopal Church Photo, Click for full size
By AGS Media, July 1, 2010
5. St. James House of Prayer Episcopal Church
The rocks used to build the church were salvaged from the Hillsborough River where it meets the bay in downtown Tampa. The rocks originated from all over the world, transported to Tampa by sailing ships. They were left in the river as the ships discarded ballast from their hulls.

Today's St. James Episcopal House of Prayer formed from the 1997 merger of two churches: Tampa's oldest black Anglican Episcopal congregation (St. James, organized in 1895), and the historically white Episcopal House of Prayer (organized in 1907).
 
 
Cornerstone at St.James' Photo, Click for full size
By AGS Media, July 1, 2010
6. Cornerstone at St.James'
Left face:

Episcopal
House of Prayer
Erected 1922
L.A. Fort, Arch.

Right face:

Rt. Rev. Cameron Mann, Bishop.
Rev. Wm.C. Richardson, Rector.
W.W. Nowotny,
F.W. Porter, Wardens
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on July 1, 2010, by Glenn Sheffield of Tampa, Florida. This page has been viewed 1,437 times since then. Last updated on July 9, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on July 1, 2010, by Glenn Sheffield of Tampa, Florida. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
 
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