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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
San Juan Pueblo (Ohkay Owingeh) in Rio Arriba County, New Mexico — The American Mountains (Southwest)
 

San Gabriel

On the Camino Real

 
 
San Gabriel Marker image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Chris English, June 29, 2010
1. San Gabriel Marker
Inscription. Governor Juan de Oņate set up his headquarters in San Juan Pueblo in 1598, but by 1601 he had moved the Spanish capital across the Rio Grande to Yuque-Yunque Pueblo. Named San Gabriel, it served as the seat of government until 1610, when Oņate's successor founded a new capital at Santa Fe.
 
Erected by Board of Tourism, Division of Highways, Historic Preservation, State of New Mexico.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro marker series.
 
Location. 36° 3.017′ N, 106° 3.611′ W. Marker is in San Juan Pueblo (Ohkay Owingeh), New Mexico, in Rio Arriba County. Marker is on New Mexico Route 68, on the right when traveling north. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Alcalde NM 87511, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Esther Martinez - P’oe Tsáwäˀ (1912-2006) (here, next to this marker); Shrine of Our Lady of Lourdes (approx. 0.7 miles away); Dominguez Escalante Trail (approx. 2.4 miles away); Espaņola Valley (approx. 2.9 miles away); Chimayo Trading Post / Trujillo House
San Gabriel Marker image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Chris English, June 29, 2010
2. San Gabriel Marker
(approx. 4.1 miles away); Santa Cruz de la Caņada / Santa Cruz Plaza on the Camino Real (approx. 4.2 miles away); The Bond House (approx. 4.3 miles away); Historic Los Luceros (approx. 4.5 miles away).
 
Regarding San Gabriel. Yuque-Ynque Pueblo/San Gabriel no longer exists. Its adobe remains are visible on aerial photos.

One must study every history and people of this area, indeed the puebloan Southwest, to understand why Oņate's insertion of his settlers into Ohkay Owingeh sowed the seeds of the 1680 Pueblo Revolt.

The San Gabriel marker is 5.07 miles South of the Oņate Center
State Road 68, Building 854
Alcalde, NM 87511
36.105752n , 106.031762w

The Center is a beatiful historical institution with library, kitchen, document conversion workstation and performanice area. The Center's mission is to provide a center of knowledge for all inhabitants of the area, and provide a point of unity for the residents of the Middle Rio Grande Valley
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Oņate's subjugation of Acoma Pueblo earned him an official hearing in Spain
 
Also see . . .
1. Web Page, Onate Memorial Center
San Gabriel Marker image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Chris English, June 29, 2010
3. San Gabriel Marker
Looking North from the Marker
. (Submitted on July 6, 2010, by Chris English of Phoenix, Arizona.)
2. Wikipedia History of New Mexico. (Submitted on July 6, 2010, by Chris English of Phoenix, Arizona.)
3. Onate's Missing Foot. The statue at the Onate Center reputedly had a foot removed in 1998, the 400th Aniversary of Onate's settlement of New Mexico. Facts of this story are still disputed. It does lead the interested person into the heart of New Mexico's Colonial History (Submitted on July 6, 2010, by Chris English of Phoenix, Arizona.) 

4. Text Version of the Onate's Foot Story from the University of California, San Diego Weber Digital L. (Submitted on July 6, 2010, by Chris English of Phoenix, Arizona.)
 
Categories. GovernmentNotable PlacesSettlements & Settlers
 
San Gabriel Marker image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Chris English, June 29, 2010
4. San Gabriel Marker
Looking East from the Marker
Reverse of the San Gabriel Marker image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Chris English, June 29, 2010
5. Reverse of the San Gabriel Marker
New Mexico Historic Marker Maps
The state's Official Scenic Historic Markers usually have a map on the reverse side showing the location of more local markers. For the die-hard historical marker seeker, these maps are a mine of information, waiting for extraction.
San Gabriel Marker image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Chris English, June 29, 2010
6. San Gabriel Marker
Reverse side, looking south beyond the adjacent Esther Martinez Marker.
Equestrian Statue of Juan De Oņate image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Chris English, June 29, 2010
7. Equestrian Statue of Juan De Oņate
Located at the Oņate Center, 5.07 miles North of this marker.
The Oņate Center image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Chris English, June 29, 2010
8. The Oņate Center
Phone: (505) 852-4639 Fax: (505) 852-2848 State Road 68, Building 854 P.O. Box 370 Alcalde, NM 87511 36.105752,-106.031762
Oņate Statue and Oņate Center image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Chris English, June 29, 2010
9. Oņate Statue and Oņate Center
Inscription Plaque - Oņate Statue image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Chris English, June 29, 2010
10. Inscription Plaque - Oņate Statue
El Adelantado
Don Juan de Oņate
Capitan General y Primer Gobernador de Nuevo Mexico
Captain General and First Governor of New Mexico. 1598 - 1610
View of Alcalde New Mexico image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Chris English, June 29, 2010
11. View of Alcalde New Mexico
From the Oņate Center. The Rio Grande flows at the foot of the distant hills.
Volumes of Spanish Colonial Law image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Chris English, June 29, 2010
12. Volumes of Spanish Colonial Law
The bottom-most shelves in the Oņate Center Library contain five volumes of Spanish Colonial law transcribed from the original manuscripts in the Spanish Archives. It was the responsibility of "El Adelantado," first general and Governor of Neuva Mexico to abide by these laws and enforce them with prudence, wisdom and justice. He apparently had a subset of his own laws.
Oņate Memorial Center image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Chris English, June 29, 2010
13. Oņate Memorial Center
Central Room
Oņate Memorial Center image. Click for full size.
By Thomas Chris English, June 29, 2010
14. Oņate Memorial Center
Performance Plaza
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Chris English of Phoenix, Arizona. This page has been viewed 2,110 times since then and 18 times this year. Last updated on , by Chris English of Phoenix, Arizona. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14. submitted on , by Chris English of Phoenix, Arizona. • Syd Whittle was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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