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Near Guinea in Caroline County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Guinea Station
Grant Maneuvers South
 
Guinea Station Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Kevin W., November 3, 2007
1. Guinea Station Marker
 
Inscription.
Lee vs. Grant – The 1864 Campaign

General Winfield Hancock’s Union Second corps left Spotsylvania Court House after sunset on May 290, 1864. It trudged south along dark roads, headed toward Milford Station on the Richmond, Fredericksburg, and Potomac Railroad. Grant had ordered Hancock to Milford in the hope of luring the Confederate army out of its Spotsylvania trenches to a place where he could attack it and have the advantage.

Hancock reached Guinea Station about dawn, May 21. Pickets of the 9th Virginia Cavalry fired at the Union column, then disappeared to spread the alarm. Hancock continued south. A soon as his troops left Guinea Station, the Confederates began tearing up the Downer’s Bridge, less than a mile behind you. A spirited attack by the 114th Pennsylvania Volunteers saved the bridge for the Union, however, enabling Warren’s Fifth Corps to cross the river there later in the afternoon.

(caption of picture, upper left): The 114th Pennsylvania Volunteers. A Zouave regiment, this unit sported baggy red trousers, blue vests and turbans.

(caption of picture, upper right): Fairfield (left) was a sturdy brick plantation house when Grant dropped by
 
Guinea Station Marker Photo, Click for full size
By Kevin W., November 3, 2007
2. Guinea Station Marker
 
on May 21, 1864. A fire later gutted the building, and in 1911 it was torn down.

(caption of picture, lower right): Grant established his headquarters at the Motley House (above) on May 21. He later wandered over to Fairfield and spoke with Mrs. Chandler about “Stonewall” Jackson’s death there one year earlier.
 
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 38° 8.881′ N, 77° 26.399′ W. Marker is near Guinea, Virginia, in Caroline County. Marker can be reached from Stonewall Jackson Road (Virginia Route 606) near Guinea Station Road (Virginia Route 634). Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Woodford VA 22580, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. War Comes to Fairfield (within shouting distance of this marker); Fairfield Plantation (within shouting distance of this marker); A Staggering Blow (within shouting distance of this marker); Stonewall Jackson Died (within shouting distance of this marker); Plantations on Guinea Station Road (approx. 4.1 miles away); Stanard’s Mill (approx. 4.5 miles away); Mud Tavern (approx. 4.6 miles away); James Farmer, Civil Rights Leader (approx. 4.7 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Guinea.
 
The farm office at Fairfield, Guinea Station Photo, Click for full size
By Kevin W., November 3, 2007
3. The farm office at Fairfield, Guinea Station
The farm office, the building where "Stonewall" Jackson died, is the only surviving civil war structure at Fairfield. The building and surrounding property were donated to the NPS by the R, F, and P. Railroad in 1937.
 

 
Also see . . .
1. Stonewall Jackson Shrine. National Park Service website. (Submitted on November 5, 2007, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.) 

2. An Army Command and General Staff Handbook on the 1864 Campaign. Staff Ride Handbook for the Overland Campaign, Virginia, 4 May to 15 June 1864: A Study in Operational-Level Command. (Submitted on November 5, 2007, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.) 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on November 5, 2007, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,544 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on November 5, 2007, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.
 
Editor’s want-list for this marker. Pictures of Motley House, if still standing. • Pictures of Downer’s Bridge, or its remains. • Can you help?
 
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