Near Guinea in Caroline County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
War Comes to Fairﬁeld
In December 1862 the Confederates established a major supply depot at Guinea Station, just a few hundred yards from Fairfieldís back door. Camps sprawled across the plantation. Stonewall Jackson himself camped here for a week, declining the Chandlerís offer to stay in the house. Instead he pitched a tent nearby.
By 1863 Chandler had had enough: he sold Fairfield. But before the Chandlers could move away, Fairfieldís most famous visitor would return yet again – this time not to camp but to die. Jacksonís death here propelled the plantation to a fame it had never known.
(caption of picture): Jackson arrived at Fairfield for the last time on May 4, 1863. By then the plantation was a vast camp, crowded with thousands of Union prisoners and Confederate wounded.
Erected by National Park Service.
Location. 38° 8.89′ N, 77° 26.419′ W. Marker is near Guinea Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Woodford VA 22580, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Fairfield Plantation (here, next to this marker); A Staggering Blow (here, next to this marker); Stonewall Jackson Died (here, next to this marker); Guinea Station (within shouting distance of this marker); Plantations on Guinea Station Road (approx. 4.1 miles away); Stanardís Mill (approx. 4.5 miles away); Mud Tavern (approx. 4.6 miles away); James Farmer, Civil Rights Leader (approx. 4.7 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Guinea.
More about this marker. A recorded message about Jackson's last days at Fairfield is available immediately adjacent to this marker.
Categories. • Agriculture • Antebellum South, US • Notable Persons • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,099 times since then and 19 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.