“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Baker in Hardy County, West Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

Frémont's Camp

En Route to the Shenandoah Valley

Frémont's Camp Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 24, 2010
1. Frémont's Camp Marker
Inscription. For two nights beginning on May 28, 1862, Union Gen. John C. Frémont and his approximately 20,000-man army camped on the broad, rolling plateau before you. They had marched from Franklin (Pendleton Co.) three days earlier through the rain and mud, almost out of provisions, to reach this spot. In Washington, D.C., meanwhile, an exasperated President Abraham Lincoln sent telegrams to Frémont, urging him to press on to the Shenandoah Valley and give battle to Confederate Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's army. It was tying up Federal forces that Lincoln wanted to support Gen. George B. McClellan's Peninsula Campaign against the Confederate army defending Richmond. Frémont had already had an unpleasant encounter with Jackson, who had defeated part of his army at the Battle of McDowell on May 8 and chased him father into western Virginia before turning around to beat Union Gen. Nathaniel Banks's army at Winchester.

Despite Lincoln's repeated orders to hurry back to the Valley and strike Jackson from behind, Frémont did not leave this camp until May 30.

The rain and the narrow Lost River gorge slowed him, and he did not arrive in the Valley until June 1. Jackson raced south with his "foot cavalry," past the slow-moving Frémont and ahead of Gen. James Banks's pursuing force, and settled into Port Republic. There, on June 8-9,
Valley Campaign Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 24, 2010
2. Valley Campaign Map
Jackson defeated both Frémont and Gen. James Banks in succession, sending them reeling away in retreat and gaining immortality in military history for himself.

Testy Exchanges

May 27, 1862, Lincoln to Frémont: I see that you are in Moorefield. You were expressly ordered to march to Harrisonburg. What does this mean?

May 28, Frémont to Lincoln: My troops were not in condition to execute your order ... [and] the line of march was a necessity.

May 29, Lincoln to Frémont: Please have your force at Strasburg ... by noon tomorrow.

May 29, Frémont to Lincoln: My command is not yet in marching order. The medical director this morning protested against its farther advance without allowing one day's rest.

May 30, Lincoln to Frémont: Where is your Force? It ought this minute to be near Strasburg. Answer at once.

May 31, Frémont to Lincoln: Main column at Wardensville. Heavy storm of rain most of yesterday and all last night.

June 1, Frémont to Lincoln: Main body reached five miles from Strasburg at 10 A.M. today. Advance attacked by enemy with considerable force. Expect to bring up our entire force by nightfall.
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series.
Frémont's Camp Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 24, 2010
3. Frémont's Camp Marker
This marker is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 39° 6.048′ N, 78° 50.694′ W. Marker is near Baker, West Virginia, in Hardy County. Marker is at the intersection of Old State Highway 55 and New River Road (County Road 1), on the right when traveling west on Old State Highway 55. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Baker WV 26801, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 8 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Battle of Moorefield (approx. 6.1 miles away); Fort Pleasant (approx. 6.2 miles away); Cemetery Hill (approx. 6.8 miles away); Gen. Joseph Neville / McNeill's Raid (approx. 7 miles away); Oriskany Sand (approx. 7.1 miles away); McMechen House (approx. 7.2 miles away); Moorefield (approx. 7.2 miles away); Moorefield Presbyterian Church (approx. 7.2 miles away).
More about this marker. On the left side of the marker is a photo of Gen. Frémont. Below it is a map showing the movements of the forces mentioned in the text. To the right is a sketch depicting Frémont's army marching through the woods.
Categories. War, US Civil
South Branch Mountain Slopes image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 24, 2010
4. South Branch Mountain Slopes
The slopes of South Branch Mountain extend in front of the marker location, where Corridor H passes between Moorefield and Wardensville.
Passes through the Mountains image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 24, 2010
5. Passes through the Mountains
Old Highway 55 passes over a ridge spur off the mountain just east of the marker.
"Wing" Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 24, 2010
6. "Wing" Map
Showing Nearby Civil War Trails Sites
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 834 times since then and 73 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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