Hampton, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Phoebus - The Gateway To The New World
It began as a settlement for defenders and artisans of Fort Algernourne, the first fortification on the site of present day Fort Monroe, and later served as a port of call for freight and passenger ships.
By the Revolutionary War the community was called Mill Creek and on July 22, 1781 three hundred British soldiers landed at this small port and plundered the village.
At the onset of the Civil War, Union Troops were rushed to Fortress Monroe and garrisoned on farm land surrounding Mill Creek. Many slaves that had traveled the underground to freedom at the Fortress took refuge in the village. At War's end Jefferson Davis was imprisoned at Fortress Monroe and the village blacksmith was called to apply the shackles to the defeated President of the Confederacy.
The establishment of the first school to educate Native-Indians and Freed Blacks (now Hampton University) and the establishment of a Civil War Veterans home (now the Hampton Veterans Administration Medical Center) on properties adjacent to Mill Creek increased the community population.
April 1, 1900 the town was incorporated and took
Phoebus continued to grow and flourish during both World Wars as troops passed through to the port of embarkation at Old Point Comfort.
In 1952 the town was consolidated into the City of Hampton but never lost its strong sense of identity and pride.
Today this vital historical small town within the City of Hampton begins another century by preserving and honoring its past and working together to assure its future.
April 1, 2000
Dedicated with the Generouse
Support of the Phoebus Community,
The Phoebus Improvement League
Erected 2000 by the Phoebus Improvement League.
Location. 37° 1.085′ N, 76° 19.29′ W. Marker is in Hampton, Virginia. Marker is on East Mellen Street, on the left when traveling south. Click for map. Marker is in the Phoebus area of the City of Hampton. Marker is in this post office area: Hampton VA 23663, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Phoebus (approx. 0.2 miles away); Camp Hamilton (approx. 0.3 miles away); a different marker also named Phoebus Emancipation Oak (approx. 0.6 miles away); Hampton Institute (approx. 0.6 miles away); a different marker also named Emancipation Oak (approx. 0.6 miles away); John Baptist Pierce (approx. 0.7 miles away); Hampton Monument (approx. 0.7 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Hampton.
Categories. • Abolition & Underground RR • Colonial Era • Forts, Castles • Settlements & Settlers • War, US Civil • War, US Revolutionary •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. This page has been viewed 878 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.