Anacostia in Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Barry Farm - Hillsdale
Bounded by St. Elizabeths Hospital, Alabama Avenue and Morris Road, SE, and the Anacostia River
—African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC —
In 1867 the U.S. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands (Freedmen’s Bureau) purchased 375 acres from white farmers David and Julia Barry to resettle formerly enslaved African Americans. By 1870 more than 500 families had purchased lots and built homes at Barry Farm, later renamed Hillsdale.
During World War II, the U.S. Government constructed “Barry Farms” housing on Hillsdale’s eastern edge to relieve overcrowding across the Anacostia [River]. Soon, Southwest [DC] urban renewal brought more families, spurring the over building of multi-family housing. These projects and the Suitland Parkway and Anacostia Freeway greatly changed the neighborhood. Most remaining historic houses date to around 1900; a few older ones remain along Elvans Road.
A home on Sheridan Road in Barry Farm, early 1900s.
Anacostia Community Museum, Smithsonian Institution.
Erected by Cultural Tourism DC - Funded by the DC Historic Preservation Office.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Washington, D.C. African American Heritage Trail marker series.
Location. 38° 51.73′ N, 76° 59.693′ W. Marker is in Anacostia, District Click for map. Marker is off the sidewalk at the northeast corner of DC Metro's Anacostia subway/bus station, on Howard Road between Firth Sterling and MLK,Jr. Avenues, SE. Marker is in this post office area: Washington DC 20020, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A Navy Town (within shouting distance of this marker); Faith and Action (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Nichols Avenue Elementary School/Old Birney School Site (about 400 feet away); Birney School (about 500 feet away); A Museum for the Community (about 700 feet away); Campbell African Methodist Episcopal Church (approx. 0.2 miles away); Crossing Lines (approx. ¼ mile away); The Big Chair (approx. 0.4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Anacostia.
Also see . . . Suitland Parkway. (Submitted on July 29, 2010, by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland.)
Additional keywords. Reconstruction Era; Uniontown; Ward 8; housing segregation; urban decay; Martha Jackson-Jarvis.
Categories. • African Americans • Politics • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,509 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Richard E. Miller of Oxon Hill, Maryland. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on September 10, 2016.