“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Philippi in Barbour County, West Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)


The Commands


—The First Campaign —

Philippi Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 24, 2010
1. Philippi Marker
Inscription. Col. Benjamin F. Kelley
Kelley, a railroad agent in Philadelphia and former resident of Wheeling, was called back to command the First Virginia (Union) Infantry - the first Union regiment raised in the South. He planned and led the attack on Philippi. Severely wounded there, he recovered and was awarded a Brigadier General's Star.

Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan, Commanding, U.S. Army, Department of the Ohio.
Brig. Gen. Thomas A. Morris, Commanding, U.S. Army, Western Virginia

Col. Benjamin F. Kelley, 1st (West) Virginia Volunteers, Commander, Federal Forces at Philippi.
Col. Ebenezer Dumont, 7th Indiana Volunteers, Commander Federal Right Wing at Philippi.
Col. Frederick W. Lander, Aide-de-Camp, General Morris, Commander, Federal Field Artillery at Philippi.
Col. Thomas T. Crittenden, 6th Indiana Volunteers.
Col. Robert H. Milroy, 9th Indiana Volunteers.
Col. James B. Steedman, 14th Ohio Volunteers.
Col. James Irvine, 16th Ohio Volunteers

Col. George A. Porterfield
Porterfield was from Jefferson County (West) Virginia. He was an 1844 graduate of Virginia Military Institute and a veteran of the Mexican War. On May 4, Gen. Lee made him commander of the Northwest. Chased out of Philippi by the Federals on June 3, he retreated to Huttonsville.
Area Civil War Sites image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 24, 2010
2. Area Civil War Sites
On June 8, Lee replaced him with Brig. Gen. Robert S. Garnett. A board of inquiry reprimanded him for not defending Philippi, but noted his skillful and orderly retreat.

Maj. Gen. Robert E. Lee, Commanding, Virginia Militia
Col. George A. Porterfield, Commanding, Virginia Militia, Northwestern Virginia

Capt. Albert G. Reger, Barbour Grays
Capt. Thomas A. Bradford, Barbour Grays
Capt. Henry Sturm, Barbour Mountain Guards
Capt. Hill, Barbour Militia
Capt. John C. Higgenbotham, Upser Grays
Capt. John B. Moomau, Franklin Guards
Capt. William P. Thompson, Marion Guards
Capt. William Willey, Marion Guards
Capt. Anderson, Hardy Blues
Capt. George W. Hansbrough, Taylor County Infantry
Capt. John Robinson, Taylor County Infantry
Capt. D.A. Stoner, Pendleton County Infantry
Capt. F.F. Sterrett, Churchville Cavalry
Capt. Robert McChestney, Rockbridge Cavalry
Capt. McNutter, Rockbridge Cavalry
Capt. Felix Hull, Highland County Infantry
Harrison State Guards; Augusta Lee Rifles
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Battlefield Trails - Civil War, and the West Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 39° 9.143′ N, 80° 
Philippi Marker and Flagpoles image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 24, 2010
3. Philippi Marker and Flagpoles
2.628′ W. Marker is in Philippi, West Virginia, in Barbour County. Marker is at the intersection of Mansfield Drive (U.S. 250) and North Main Street (U.S. 250), on the right when traveling east on Mansfield Drive. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Philippi WV 26416, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Philippi Covered Bridge (within shouting distance of this marker); The Covered Bridge (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); a different marker also named Philippi (about 400 feet away); Barbour County Vietnam Era Veterans Memorial (about 500 feet away); a different marker also named Philippi (approx. 0.2 miles away); Barbour County War Memorial (approx. 0.2 miles away); a different marker also named Philippi (approx. ¼ mile away); Barbour County Korean War Memorial (approx. ¼ mile away). Click for a list of all markers in Philippi.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. The Philippi Races by markers.
Categories. War, US Civil
Philippi image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 24, 2010
4. Philippi
Looking over the Tygart Valley River at Philippi.
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,069 times since then and 88 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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