Near Farmington in Fayette County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Road to Disaster
On July 14, what remained of that once proud British army hobbled past this point, retreating from their disastrous defeat at the Battle of the Monongahela. Today, the trail leads to this remnant of the "Braddock Road" where a British army marched toward battle, returned in defeat, and buried its fallen leader.
Erected by Fort Necessity National Battlefield, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Braddock’s Road and Maj. Gen. Edward Braddock marker series.
Location. 39° 49.95′ N, 79° 36.027′ W. Marker is near Farmington, Pennsylvania, in Fayette County. Marker can be reached from National Pike (U.S. 40) 1.2 miles east of Fayette Springs Road. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Farmington PA 15437, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 5 other markers A Secret Grave (within shouting distance of this marker); The Old Braddock Road (within shouting distance of this marker); First Roads to the West (within shouting distance of this marker); Braddock’s Grave (within shouting distance of this marker); Braddock Park (within shouting distance of this marker). Click for a list of all markers in Farmington.
1. Time Line from the Marker
April 1754 — Lt. Col. George Washington marches northwest from Alexandria, Virginia to the frontier with 132 Virginia militia under orders from Virginia Lt. Gov. Robert Dinwiddie. Washington's mission is to occupy and defend the Upper Ohio Valley against a French force advancing south from Canada.
May 28, 1754 — Ensign Joseph Coulon de Jumonville and 31 French troops skirmish with 40 Virginia militia under Washington and about 12 Indians. Ten French are killed, including Jumonville, and 21 are captured, including one wounded. One man escapes and reports the attack, to become known as the "Jumonville Affair."
July 3, 1754 — About 600 French and 100 Indians under Captain Louis Coulon de Villiers, Jumonville's brother, surround Washington's command of almost 400 British at Fort Necessity. After a day of fighting, the British surrender and are allowed to march away; the French burn Fort Necessity on July 4.
1755 — Maj. General
July 9, 1755 — Braddock's army is defeated by the French and their Indians allies at the Battle of Monongahela near Fort Duquesne. Braddock is mortally wounded and dies on July 13 during the British retreat. He is buried in the middle of "Braddock's Road" about one mile west of Fort Necessity.
— Submitted May 7, 2006.
Categories. • Colonial Era • War, French and Indian •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,323 times since then and 32 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by J. J. Prats of Springfield, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.