“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Rutherfordton in Rutherford County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)


“ . . . did it no good”


óStonemanís Raid ó

Rutherfordton Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 5, 2010
1. Rutherfordton Marker
Inscription. (Preface): † On March 24, 1865, Union Gen. George Stoneman led 6,000 cavalrymen from Tennessee into southwestern Virginia and western North Carolina to disrupt the Confederate supply line by destroying sections of the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad, the North Carolina Railroad, and the Piedmont Railroad. He struck at Boone on March 28, headed into Virginia on April 2, and returned to North Carolina a week later. Stonemanís Raid ended at Asheville on April 26, the day that Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston surrendered to Union Gen. William T. Sherman near Durham.

Union Gen. Alvan C. Gillem entered Rutherford County with two brigades of Gen. George Stoneman's raiders after Confederate forces blocked his planned route to Asheville at Swannanoa Gap on April 20, 1865. Gillem arrived in Rutherfordton the next day and then, two days later, pressed on through the county toward Asheville with his brigade consisting of the 8th, 9th, and 13th Tennessee Cavalry. He ordered Col. William J. Palmer, who commanded a brigade composed of the 10th Michigan, 12th Ohio, and 15th Pennsylvania Cavalry, to establish a headquarters in Rutherfordton, then follow Gillemís force.

Gillemís command consisted of “Home Yankees,” as they were called, who were natives of Tennessee and the adjoining mountain counties of North Carolina.
Marker on N Main Street	 image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 5, 2010
2. Marker on N Main Street
This region was the scene of bloody conflicts between neighbors – sometimes within families – who were Unionists or secessionists. Some of Gillemís soldiers, then, had scores to settle, and they settled a few of them in Rutherford County. Palmerís soldiers, who entered Rutherfordton on the morning of April 25, were aghast at the depredations Gillemís men had inflicted on the civilians.

Palmer remained in Rutherfordton until April 26, the day Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston surrendered near Durham, then marched about ten miles west and bivouacked. The next day he joined in the pursuit of Confederate President Jefferson Davis, who had fled south from Virginia. Palmer rode through Rutherfordton and took up the chase into South Carolina.

The two daysí stay of the Tennesseeans did [Rutherfordton] no good. They . . . put pistols to the heads of the citizens, persuaded them to give up their pocketbooks, and even took the rings from ladiesí fingers. The sympathy we used to feel for the loyal Tennesseeans is being rapidly transferred to their enemy.”
- Capt. Harry K. Weand, 15th Pa. Cavalry

Erected by Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the North Carolina Civil War Trails marker series.
Rutherfordton Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 5, 2010
3. Rutherfordton Marker
35° 21.979′ N, 81° 57.445′ W. Marker is in Rutherfordton, North Carolina, in Rutherford County. Marker is on N Main Street (U.S. 221) when traveling north. Click for map. Marker is located between Charlotte Road and Trade Street, in front of the Norris Public Library. Marker is in this post office area: Rutherfordton NC 28139, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Rutherford County (approx. 0.2 miles away); Rutherfordton Confederate Monument (approx. 0.2 miles away); First Baptist Church (approx. ľ mile away); Stoneman's Raid (approx. ľ mile away); James Adair (approx. 0.3 miles away); St. John's Episcopal Church (approx. 0.4 miles away); Bechtler's Mint (approx. 0.4 miles away); Joshua Forman (approx. 0.6 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Rutherfordton.
More about this marker. The bottom right of the marker contains a map indicating the locations of Civil War Trails sites for the Route of Stonemanís Raid in Tennessee, Virginia, and North Carolina, March – April 1865. The bottom left of the marker features a photograph of Gen. Alvan C. Gillem, Courtesy of Library of Congress, and near this is a photo of seven Union officers, including Col.William J. Palmer (seated, second from right) Courtesy U.S. Army Military History Institute.
Also see . . .
1. Civil War Traveler – Stonemanís Raid. North Carolina Civil War Trails. (Submitted on August 5, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 

2. Major General George Stoneman Led the Last American Civil War Cavalry Raid. website. (Submitted on August 5, 2010, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 
Categories. War, US Civil
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 704 times since then and 78 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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