Columbus in Franklin County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
The National Road
After the Revolutionary War, our first President, George Washington, advocated the construction of a road linking cities in the United States from east to west. In 1806, President Thomas Jefferson signed legislation authorizing the road. The National Road was the nation's first federally funded highway and was intended to link Cumberland, Maryland to St. Louis, Missouri. The Enabling Act of 1802, which led to the creation of the State of Ohio, contained a provision that allowed for some money from the sale of federal lands to be used for construction of the road to Wheeling on the Ohio River. Contracts were given in 1811 and the National Road was completed through Columbus by 1833. Construction stopped in Vandalia, Illinois due to the popularity of canals, increased railroad usage, and lack of funds. The 591 mile corridor passes through six states: Maryland, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois.
(Continued on other side)
(Continued from other side)
As a federally funded road, tolls were charged to pay for maintenance. Toll houses, designed by the Army Corps of Engineers, were modeled after lighthouses and placed approximately every ten miles. In Ohio, stone Mile Markers were placed every mile indicating the distance to Cumberland, Maryland at the eastern
Erected 2002 by Ohio Bicentennial Commission, The Longaberger Company, Hilltop 2003 Committee, The Columbus Foundation, and The Ohio Historical Society. (Marker Number 43-25.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Ohio Historical Society / The Ohio History Connection, and the The Historic National Road marker series.
Location. 39° 57.341′ N, 83° 3.705′ W. Marker is in Columbus, Ohio, in Franklin County. Marker is at the intersection of Broad Street and Wheatland Avenue, on the right when traveling west on Broad Street. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2300 West Broad Street, Columbus OH 43204, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Maynard E. Sensenbrenner (approx. half a mile away); Camp Chase (approx. 0.9 miles away); a different marker also named Camp Chase (approx. 1.1 miles away); Camp Chase Confederate Cemetery (approx. 1.1 miles away); Franklin County Civil War Memorial (approx. 1.7 miles away); Maurice Gates (approx. 1.7 miles away); Ovid Wellford Smith (approx. 1.8 miles away); Our Unknown Dead (approx. 1.9 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Columbus.
Also see . . .
1. National Road.
2. Historic National Road Scenic Byway.
Categories. • Communications • Man-Made Features • Roads & Vehicles • Settlements & Settlers •
Credits. This page originally submitted on August 5, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas. This page has been viewed 1,015 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on August 5, 2010, by William Fischer, Jr. of Fort Scott, Kansas.