“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Goliad in Goliad County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)

Don Rafael Antonio Manchola

Don Rafael Antonio Manchola Marker image. Click for full size.
By Steve Gustafson, June 13, 2010
1. Don Rafael Antonio Manchola Marker
Inscription. Early Goliad leader Rafael Antonio Manchola was born to a Spanish aristocratic family circa 1800. In 1822, he arrived in La Bahia, and two years later he wed María de Jesús de Leon, daughter of empersario Martín de León and Patricia de la Garza. Manchola served as attorney and business agent for de León and became one of the region's principal advocates for its citizens. He became commander of the Presidio of Nuestra Señora de Loreto and in 1828 became state deputy in the Coahuila and Texas legislature. He also served as alcalde in Goliad.

During the 1829 legislature session, Manchola helped establish the municipality of Guadalupe Victoria. He also corresponded with Stephen F. Austin about Texas' welfare, and he declared his support for the separate statehood of Coahuila and Texas. That year he petitioned the state to change La Bahia's name to Goliad, an anagram of the name of Father Miguel Hidalgo, hero of the Mexican Revolution.

Throughout his career, Manchola's work included strong advocacy for democracy and for increasing Anglo settlement. In 1832, he planned to accompany William Wharton to Mexico City to petition for statehood for Coahuila and Texas, but the trip was cancelled. The following July, he died of cholera during an epidemic, leaving behind his wife and seven-year-old daughter Francisca. Although his
Don Rafael Antonio Manchola Marker image. Click for full size.
By Steve Gustafson, June 13, 2010
2. Don Rafael Antonio Manchola Marker
Manchola Marker in the foreground.
widow received several land grants, she and the de Leóns fled Texas due to anti-Mexican sentiment during the Texas Revolution, despite their connection to early support of settlement and independence.
Erected 2006 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 13441.)
Location. 28° 39.948′ N, 97° 23.489′ W. Marker is in Goliad, Texas, in Goliad County. Marker is on South Market Street south of North Courthouse Square, on the right when traveling south. Click for map. In the courthouse square. Marker is in this post office area: Goliad TX 77963, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Regulators of Goliad County (a few steps from this marker); Goliad Tornado of 1902 (within shouting distance of this marker); The Hanging Tree (within shouting distance of this marker); Santa Anna's Surrender Ratified (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Goliad (about 600 feet away); Site of the Mission Nuestra Señora del Espiritu Santo de Zúñiga (approx. 0.7 miles away); Presidio de Nuestra Señora de Loreto de la Bahía (approx. 1.3 miles away); Manuel Becerra (approx. 1.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Goliad.
Categories. War, Texas Independence
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Steve Gustafson of Lufkin, Texas. This page has been viewed 831 times since then and 121 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Steve Gustafson of Lufkin, Texas. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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