“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Huttonsville in Randolph County, West Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)


The Army of the Northwest


—The First Campaign —

Huttonsville CWT Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, August 12, 2010
1. Huttonsville CWT Marker
Inscription. After the defeat in Philippi on June 3, 1861, Confederate forces retreated to this point. Gen. Robert S. Garnett was sent to Western Virginia to reorganize these troops and halt the southeast advance of Federal forces.

Here on June 14, he created the 25th and 31st Virginia infantry regiments with recruits from the surrounding mountain areas. One thy later, these troops marched north to guard key mountain passes at Rich Mountain and Laurel Hill, General Garnett’s “gates to the northwestern country.”

Many of the officers and men of Company F of the 31st Virginia Regiment came from the nearby Huttonsville Academy, a coeducational school founded in 1854. Federal troops burned the school in 1861.

Most of the Confederate units that fought here in July became known as the Army of the Northwest and spent the winter of 1861 at Camp Allegheny. The following spring, they became a part of Stonewall Jackson’s famous “foot cavalry” during his Shenandoah Valley campaign. As a part of the Army of the Northern Virginia, they served until Appomattox.

Brothers Marion and Joseph French Harding attended Huttonsville Academy. On May 25, 1861, they enlisted in the Randolph County unit which was to become Company F of the 31st Virginia Infantry, C.S.A. French was elected
Huttonsville Markers image. Click for full size.
By Bernard Fisher, August 12, 2010
2. Huttonsville Markers
company commander in April 1862 and returned after the war to live in Randolph County until his death in 1919. Marion was killed at Elkwater (seven miles south) on October 10, 1862.

“Today by vote of the company we are mustered into service. We are now a part and parcel of one of the armies of the Southern Confederacy. I sincerely hope we have espoused a good cause.” – Marion Harding, June 8, 1861
Erected by West Virginia Civil War Trail.
Marker series. This marker is included in the West Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 38° 42.65′ N, 79° 58.792′ W. Marker is in Huttonsville, West Virginia, in Randolph County. Marker is at the intersection of Seneca Trail (U.S. 219) and Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike (U.S. 250) on Seneca Trail. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Huttonsville WV 26273, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 9 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Huttonsville (here, next to this marker); Army Headquarters 1861 / Huttonsville (a few steps from this marker); Bishop Asbury (approx. half a mile away); Old Brick Church (approx. one mile away); Elkwater / Col. J. A. Washington (approx. 6.2 miles away); Camp Elkwater (approx. 6.2 miles away); U.S. Homestead (approx. 7.6 miles away); Behind the Parapet (approx. 8.1 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Huttonsville.
Regarding Huttonsville. On the left is a photograph of "Marion and Joseph French Harding"

On the right is an area map
Categories. War, US Civil
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 749 times since then and 74 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
Paid Advertisement