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Belington in Barbour County, West Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Camp Laurel Hill

A Key to Victory

 

—The First Campaign —

 
Camp Laurel Hill Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 24, 2010
1. Camp Laurel Hill Marker
In the center is a sketch captioned, Union troops in the foreground battle with Confederates in front of Camp Laurel Hill.
Inscription. On the nearby heights, Confederate General Robert Garnett's Army of Northwestern Virginia built fortifications to defend the Beverly-Fairmont Turnpike in June 1861. Many received their baptism of fire here as Garnett's 4,000 Confederates skirmished with an equal force under General Thomas A. Morris on July 7-11, 1861.

While Moris feigned attack, Federal troops under Major General George McClellan defeated Confederates at Rich Mountain, 15 miles south. With the enemy now threatening his front and rear, Garnett retreated on the night of July 11, leaving barricades to slow the Federals. His army fled east to Corricks Ford, Tucker County, where pursuing Federals captured Confederate supply wagons and killed General Garnett.

The engagement at Laurel Hill was a key to Union General McClellan's success in the first campaign. Retreat from this area resulted in the loss of Western Virginia for the Confederacy.

"My only apprehension is that by the guidance of Uion men of the neighborhood they might get in my rear by some path unknown to me."
- Confederate General Robert S. Garnett

"We are situated on hills along both sides of the turnpike, as that is the only way the enemy can advance."
- Clayton Wilson, 1st Georgia Infantry, C.S.A.
 
Location. 39° 
Area Civil War Sites image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 24, 2010
2. Area Civil War Sites
1.417′ N, 79° 56.18′ W. Marker is in Belington, West Virginia, in Barbour County. Marker is at the intersection of Philippi Pike (U.S. 250) and Watkins Street (County Route 15), on the right when traveling north on Philippi Pike. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Belington WV 26250, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Camp Belington (here, next to this marker); Meadowville (approx. half a mile away); Civil War on the Beverly & Fairmont Turnpike (approx. one mile away); Battle of Laurel Hill (approx. 1.6 miles away); Cannons (approx. 1.6 miles away); Confederate Cemetery (approx. 1.6 miles away); Laurel Hill (approx. 1.7 miles away); a different marker also named Camp Laurel Hill (approx. 1.7 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Belington.
 
Also see . . .
1. Laurel Hill. The first campaign in West Virginia, including battles at Philippi, Rich Mountain, Corricks Ford, and here at Laurel Hill was the first full field campaign of the war. (Submitted on August 15, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Driving Tour of West Virginia Civil War Sites. (Submitted on August 15, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Markers in Belington image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 24, 2010
3. Markers in Belington
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 743 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   2, 3. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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