Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Wheeling in Ohio County, West Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Independence Hall

Beginning of Statehood

 

—The First Campaign —

 
Independence Hall Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 27, 2010
1. Independence Hall Marker
Inscription. This building, erected as a Federal customs house in 1859, is known as West Virginia Independence Hall. Considered the birthplace of West Virginia, it is the site of a series of events that led to the state’s creation in 1863.

In spring and summer 1861, this building was the home of the Second Wheeling Convention, at which delegates formed a pro-Union government of Virginia. The custom house was the capitol for this government until June 1863, and it was the meeting place of a constitutional convention for West Virginia in the fall of 1861.

The separation of West Virginia from Virginia was the only change in the map of the United States brought about by the Civil War. Events that took place at the custom house during the war raised constitutional and political issues still debated today.

Union victories of the First Campaign in June and July of 1861 pushed Confederate forces back across the Allegheny Mountains allowing the West Virginia statehood movement to proceed amid the relative safety of Wheeling.

The restored National Historic Landmark now houses period rooms and exhibitions that interpret the site’s historic and architectural significance.

Fifty-seven delegates attended the Second Wheeling Convention, which convened on June 11, 1861. On June 20, 1861, the Restored Government
Independence Hall Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 27, 2010
2. Independence Hall Marker
View looking west along the south side of Independence Hall (the Old Custom House), which faces 16th Street. The featured historical marker is in the foreground with the "First Campaign" marker beside it and the "Old Custom House" marker in the background on the street corner.
of Virginia was established in Wheeling. Francis H. Pierpont was elected governor.

 
Erected by Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the National Historic Landmarks, and the West Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 40° 3.842′ N, 80° 43.298′ W. Marker is in Wheeling, West Virginia, in Ohio County. Marker is on 16th Street (West Virginia Route 2) east of Market Street, on the right when traveling west. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Wheeling WV 26003, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The First Campaign (here, next to this marker); Old Custom House (within shouting distance of this marker); Baltimore and Ohio Passenger Station (within shouting distance of this marker); B & O Railroad (within shouting distance of this marker); The Athenaeum (within shouting distance of this marker); First State Capitol (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Lewis and Clark (approx. 0.2 miles away); Walter Reuther (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Wheeling.
 
Also see . . .
1. West Virginia Independence Hall. This is a link to information provided by the West Virginia Division of Culture and
Independence Hall Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 27, 2010
3. Independence Hall Marker
View of the southeast corner of Independence Hall (the Old Custom House) with the featured historical marker being located just in front of the orange construction lift.
History. (Submitted on August 21, 2010, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 

2. West Virginia: Born of the Civil War. This is another link to information provided by the West Virginia Division of Culture and History. (Submitted on August 21, 2010, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 

3. 1985 - Independence Hall. Wheeling, WV. This is a link to information provided by Alpha Associates, Incorporated. (Submitted on August 21, 2010, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 

4. Wheeling Convention. This is a link to information provided by Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (Submitted on August 21, 2010, by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Independence Hall Marker image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 27, 2010
4. Independence Hall Marker
View of the National Historic Landmark plaque that is affixed to the outside west wall of Independence Hall (the Old Custom House), near the southwest corner of the building.
Independence Hall Museum image. Click for full size.
By Dale K. Benington, July 27, 2010
5. Independence Hall Museum
View of the museum sign, located at the entrance to Independence Hall (the Old Custom House), proclaiming the significance of this building to West Virginia during the Civil War years.
Independence Hall Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 30, 2013
6. Independence Hall Marker
Lying on the ground behind Independence Hall, This marker has been taken down while a new iron fence is constructed.
The Custom House image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 30, 2013
7. The Custom House
The custom house was also used as a post office, federal courthouse, telegraph station and for federal protection from confederate operations.
Close-up of image on marker
Harper's Weekly -- The Union Must and Shall Be Preserved image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 30, 2013
8. Harper's Weekly -- The Union Must and Shall Be Preserved
"Constituent Convention of Virginia, assembled in the Custom-House at Wheeling Ohio Co. June 1861 -- sketched by Jasper Green, Esq."
image on display in Independence Hall (it also appears on this marker)
June 20, 1861 image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 30, 2013
9. June 20, 1861
Banner on the wall of the art store next door to WVA Independence Hall
West Virginia Independence Hall image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, December 30, 2013
10. West Virginia Independence Hall
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio. This page has been viewed 1,024 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.   5. submitted on , by Dale K. Benington of Toledo, Ohio.   6, 7, 8, 9, 10. submitted on , by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
Paid Advertisement