White Pines in Calaveras County, California — The American West (Pacific Coastal)
White Pines History
The community of White Pines, which was founded by Frank Blagen, the company president, came into being during the construction stages of the mill which was begun in the fall of 1938.
Construction of the sawmill was completed during the summer of 1940. At which time American Forest Products acquired a controlling interest. Subsequently to become 100%.
Soon employees and their families began building their homes nearby
As the town grew, members of the community built a Post Office, school, Community Club, and grocery store, most are still a part of White Pines today.
During the sawmills 22 years of operation, production averaged approximately 30,000,000 board feet annually.
The lumber was transferred to the American Forest Products manufacturing plant and shipping facility at Toyon, located between San Andreas and Valley Springs.
The Toyon plant shipped finished lumber products throughout the United States.
Operation of the sawmill was terminated in 1962.
Plans for the White Pines Lake were initiated in the Fall of 1966.
Construction of the dam started in the Fall of 1969
completed Nov. 1970.
Location. 38° 16.082′ N, 120° 20.431′ W. Marker is in White Pines, California, in Calaveras County. Marker can be reached from Blagen Road / Forest Route 7N08 0.9 miles north of Ebbetts Pass Scenic Byway (California Highway 4). Click for map. Marker is located across the parking lot from the Moose Lodge. Marker is in this post office area: Arnold CA 95223, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Doc S.C. Linebaugh Park (approx. Ό mile away); California Big Trees State Park (approx. 1.9 miles away); Discovery and Exploitation (approx. 1.9 miles away); Hanging On By A Branch (approx. 2.2 miles away); Dorrington Hotel (approx. 4.1 miles away); Avery Hotel (approx. 4.6 miles away); a different marker also named The Avery Hotel (approx. 4.6 miles away); Avery One-Room School House (approx. 4.8 miles away).
More about this marker. A representative from the Sierra Nevada Logging Museum reported that there are plans to upgrade and re-do the marker.
Also see . . . The History of Logging in the White Pines Area. A detailed history of logging in the Sierra Nevada Mountains presented by the Sierra Nevada Logging Museum. (Submitted on August 18, 2010.)
1. Timber Faller and Limber-Bucker
Timber Faller* - See Photo #12
* Falling and faller are the western version of the old English word for
cutting down a tree: “felling”.
Boots were heavy and made of leather. Feet and legs needed to be protected so the logger wouldnt slip or fall. His boots often had either “lug” soles or nails called chalks (pronounced “corks”.)
Trousers were a type of denim, modified for safety functioning. When purchased they came full length, but full length pants could get caught in machinery or down slash. As the faller worked around machinery or down timber he could have pant legs that caused him to trip. The solution was to “stag” the pants or take a knife and hack them off at a length halfway up the calf.
Suspenders were essential since the faller couldnt stop to “hike up” his trousers with a chainsaw over his shoulder! Trousers simply could not be allowed to slide downward and interfere with walking or working with equipment.
Lumber-Bucker – See Photo #13
The clothing on the Lumber-Bucker was similar to the faller and for the same reasons.
It was very important for the limber-bucker to wear cork boots, have stagged pants
The limber climbed up on the tree just after the faller put it on the ground. He would use a tape or pre-measured stick to measure how far he was moving up the tree as he cut off the limbs. As he reached the end of the desired 16 or 32 log length, he would cut a mark in the bark for a cut off point. Logs were at increments of 16 feet with an allowance of 6” for trim.
After completing the limbing job and cutting off the top, the limber could become a “bucker” – the person who cuts the down tree into the desired log lengths.
The bucker had four types of saws from which to choose:
one-man or two-man cross-cut or “misery whip”.
the electric chainsaw.
the gas-powered chain saw set for vertical cut.
Bucking was a dangerous job since logs could spring back, roll downslope, split or drop unexpectedly.
From information posted at the exhibit
— Submitted August 19, 2010.
Categories. • Horticulture & Forestry • Industry & Commerce • Man-Made Features •
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