Near Mechanicsville in Hanover County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
June 1, 1864, diary of John F.L. Hartwell, 121st New York infantry
The Garthright House stood in the path of charging troops at two battles: Gaines’ Mill in 1862 and Cold Harbor in 1864. The house belonged to Miles Garthright, a Confederate soldier whose cavalry unit saw action around Cold Harbor early in the battle. Portions of the building might have been 100 years old by the time of the Civil War. The nearby enclosed brick cemetery dates from the middle of the 1700s, if not earlier.
Union surgeons used the house as a field hospital in June 1864. Mrs. Garthright took refuge in the basement, where “with fear and trembling” she watched as blood dripped through the cracks in the floor and into the cellar. At least 97 soldiers died from their wounds here and received temporary burial in the front yard. Two years later the Cold Harbor National Cemetery opened across the road and work crews reburied all of the Union dead there.
Location. 37° 35.302′ N, 77° 16.711′ Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Mechanicsville VA 23111, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Family Cemetery (within shouting distance of this marker); Cold Harbor: June 2, 1864 (within shouting distance of this marker); The Battle Opens (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Cold Harbor Battlefield Walking Trail (about 400 feet away); From Farmland to Forest (about 500 feet away); Union Reserve Line (about 500 feet away); Pennsylvania Monument (about 600 feet away); Eighth N. Y. Heavy Artillery (about 700 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Mechanicsville.
More about this marker. On the right of the panel is a photograph carrying the caption, "In 1887 returning veterans from New England visited the historic house and the Garthright family. Mrs. Margaret Garthright is seen beside the steps. The photograph shows the rear of the house."
Also see . . .
1. Old Marker at this Location. This marker replaced an older one at this location titled “Field Hospital” (Submitted on August 20, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
2. Richmond National Battlefield Park. (Submitted on August 20, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
3. Cold Harbor. CWSAC Battle Summary (Submitted on August 20, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
4. Cold Harbor. Civil War Preservation Trust (Submitted on August 20, 2010, by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia.)
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,461 times since then and 24 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on , by Bernard Fisher of Mechanicsville, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.