“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Mackinac Island in Mackinac County, Michigan — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)

American Fur Company Store

American Fur Company Store Marker image. Click for full size.
By M H, August 21, 2010
1. American Fur Company Store Marker
Inscription. On June 6, 1822, Alexis St. Martin (1804-1880), a French Canadian voyageur, was accidentally shot in the American Fur Company Store located on this site. Dr. William Beaumont (1786-1853), the Fort Mackinac post surgeon, nursed St. Martin back to health. St. Martin’s wound healed leaving a permanent opening into his stomach. Through this opening Beaumont compared the digestibility of foods, recorded the temperature conditions, and extracted and analyzed gastric juice. Beaumont conducted the first of 250 experiments with St. Martin in 1825 in the Officers’ Stone Quarters at Fort Mackinac. Eight years later he published a groundbreaking book on his discovery of the digestive process.

[ Dedication Plaque: ]
This building is dedicated
to the memory of
William Beaumont, M.D.
It was restored by volunteer contributions of Michigan Doctors of Medicine and presented to the people of Michigan.

On this site, on June 6, 1822, Alexis St. Martin, a French Canadian voyageur, suffered an accidental gunshot wound which left a permanent opening into his stomach through which Dr. William Beaumont was able to study stomach physiology. Thus was laid the foundation of knowledge of digestion.

The vision and understanding of the Mackinac Island State Park Commission under the chairmanship of W.F. Doyle, and the generous cooperation of the Parke Davis & Company are gratefully acknowledged.
July 17, 1954
Michigan State Medical
Dedication Plaque image. Click for full size.
By M H, August 21, 2010
2. Dedication Plaque

Erected 2003 by Michigan Historical Commission - Michigan Historical Center and State of Michigan. (Marker Number 19.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Michigan Historical Commission marker series.
Location. 45° 51.034′ N, 84° 37.059′ W. Marker is in Mackinac Island, Michigan, in Mackinac County. Marker is at the intersection of Market Street and Fort Street, on the right when traveling west on Market Street. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Mackinac Island MI 49757, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Historic Fort Mackinac (approx. 0.2 miles away); Round Island Lighthouse (approx. 0.3 miles away); Sainte Anne Church (approx. 0.3 miles away); Mission Church (approx. 0.4 miles away); Skull Cave (approx. half a mile away); Fort Holmes (approx. half a mile away); a different marker also named Fort Holmes (approx. half a mile away); British Landing (approx. 2.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Mackinac Island.
Additional comments.
1. Dr. Beaumont's book
The book written by Dr. Beaumont referenced on the marker was titled, "Experiments And Observations On The Gastric Juice And The Physiology Of Digestion"
    — Submitted August 26, 2010, by Mh of Las Vegas, Nevada.
American Fur Company Store image. Click for full size.
By M H, August 21, 2010
3. American Fur Company Store

Categories. Science & Medicine
Credits. This page originally submitted on . This page has been viewed 800 times since then and 81 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Mh of Las Vegas, Nevada. • Syd Whittle was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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