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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Winchester in Frederick County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Order for Retreat

 
 
The Order for Retreat Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, October 20, 2007
1. The Order for Retreat Marker
Inscription. Northern commander Colonel Nathan Kimball 1.5 miles away (over the hill on your right) on Prichard's Hill faced the threat of defeat. He decided to seize the initiative and order a second assault against the Southern artillery atop Sandy Ridge. At approximately 5:00 p.m., the first of these troops arrived, causing some of the Southern artillery to withdraw and threatening the Southern right flank behind the stone wall.

The troops behind the stone wall were now under Southern Brigadier General Richard B. Garnett's command. "Stonewall" Jackson was not near the front lines.

By 6:00 p.m., things were looking desperate to Garnett. His men were gathering ammunition from fallen comrades. He encouraged them to "aim low and pick your men." Now fighting in two directions, casualties mounting, ammunition nearly exhausted, darkness imminent, and no orders to the contrary from Jackson, Garnett made the decision to withdraw his troops from the stone wall just minutes before sunset.

Jackson was furious.

Within ten days Jackson ordered Garnett arrested and relieved of command for "neglect of duty on March 23 at Kernstown." In August, a court-martial convened but was interrupted by the war and never finished. Garnet died riding a horse in Pickett's Charge.
 
Location. 39° 
The Battle Situation Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, October 20, 2007
2. The Battle Situation Map
Showing the situation near sunset on the day of the battle.
9.222′ N, 78° 12.911′ W. Marker is near Winchester, Virginia, in Frederick County. Marker can be reached from Jones Road (County Route 621), on the right when traveling north. Click for map. Located at stop six of the walking tour of Rose Hill. See the link to the Museum of the Shenandoah for details about visiting Rose Hill. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1985 Jones Road, Winchester VA 22602, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Defense of the Stone Wall (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Advance of Tylerís Brigade (about 400 feet away); Northern Victory, Southern Defeat (about 600 feet away); Fight for the High Ground (approx. 0.2 miles away); How To See the Battlefield (approx. 0.3 miles away); War in the Backyard (approx. 0.3 miles away); Rose Hill (approx. 0.3 miles away); The First Battle of Kernstown (approx. 1.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Winchester.
 
More about this marker. On the left side of the marker is a large map showing the situation around sunset on the day of the battle. On the right is a detailed map showing the arrangement of Garnett's forces. A portrait of "Southern Brig. Gen. Richard B. Garnett in a pre-war photograph," is below the map.
 
Regarding The Order for Retreat.
Detailed Battle Map Showing Garnett's Brigade Positions image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, October 20, 2007
3. Detailed Battle Map Showing Garnett's Brigade Positions
This is one of seven battlefield interpretive markers at Rose Hill. See the related markers section below for a listing of the walking tour, or the Kernstown Battles Virtual Tour by Markers in the links section for a driving tour.
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. To better understand the relationship, study each marker in the order shown.
 
Also see . . .
1. Kernstown Battles Virtual Tour by Markers. This marker is related to several markers in the area detailing the actions of two separate battles occurring around Kernstown during the Civil War. The sites include walking trails at the Pritchard-Grim Farm and Rose Hill. (Submitted on November 12, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Rose Hill - Museum of the Shenandoah. The walking tour of Rose Hill is open for self-guided tours on the third Saturday of each month April through October from 1 p.m. until 4 p.m. (Submitted on November 12, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

3. Battle of First Kernstown Summary. The action around Rose Hill is discussed in phase three of this National Parks Service battle summary. (Submitted on November 12, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Walking Tour Stop Six for Rose Hill image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, October 20, 2007
4. Walking Tour Stop Six for Rose Hill
The stone wall runs east-west behind the marker.
Portions of the Reconstructed Stone Wall image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, October 20, 2007
5. Portions of the Reconstructed Stone Wall
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,111 times since then and 25 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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