“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Battlefield in Greene County, Missouri — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)

Sigel's Attack

Wilson's Creek

Sigel's Attack Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 29, 2010
1. Sigel's Attack Marker
Inscription. Here on the southern end of the battlefield, Union soldiers commanded by Col. Franz Sigel mounted a surprise attack on the Confederate camps. The battle plan called for Sigel to attack from the south, while General Lyon attacked from the north.

On the morning of the battle, Sigel's men occupied the ridge across the creek to your left. When Gen. Lyon's cannon opened fire to the north, Sigel began shelling the 2,300 Confederate cavalrymen camped here in Sharp's Cornfield. Exploding shells rained on the camps, and the startled Rebels retreated to the north, behind you.

By 7:30 A.M. Sigel had crossed the creek and entered the far end of the field in front of you. Behind you, drawn up in line of battle stood Col. Elkanah Greer's Texas Cavalry Regiment, ready to stop the Union advance. But shelling from Sigel's artillery forced the Texans back, allowing Sigel to advance to your right and rear to a position blocking the Wire Road.

In his official report to Major General John C. Fremont, Commander of the Union Army's Department of the West, Col. Sigel described the attack:
Sigel's Orders
"According to orders, it was the duty of this brigade to attack the enemy in the rear, and to cut off his retreat which order I tried to exercise whatever the consequences might be."
Sigel's 1st Position
"In sight
Sigel's Attack Map image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 29, 2010
2. Sigel's Attack Map
This map of the battlefield is adapted from an early map published in 1887 in Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Sigel's advance is shown in three stages. The next tour stop is the site of Sigel's 3rd position.
of the enemy's tents, which spread out in our front and right, I planted four pieces of artillery on a little hill..."
"I ordered the artillery to begin their fire against the camp of the enemy (Missourians), which was of so much effect, that the enemy troops were seen leaving their tents and retiring in haste toward the northeast of the valley."
Sigel's 2nd Position
"As the enemy made his rally in large numbers before us, about 3,000 strong, consisting of infantry and cavalry, I ordered the artillery to be brought forward from the hill, and formed them in battery across the valley, with the Third and Fifth Regiments to the left and the cavalry to the right. After an effective fire of half an hour the enemy retired in some confusion into the woods and up the adjoining hills."
Location. 37° 5.486′ N, 93° 24.387′ W. Marker is near Battlefield, Missouri, in Greene County. Marker is on Tour Road, on the left when traveling west. Click for map. Located at stop 4, the Sigel's Second Position, of the Wilson's Creek battlefield driving tour. Marker is in this post office area: Republic MO 65738, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Rout of Sigel's Column (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Eye of the Storm (approx. 0.6 miles away); Price's Headquarters
Stop 4 of the Driving Tour image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 29, 2010
3. Stop 4 of the Driving Tour
(approx. 0.7 miles away); Pulaski Arkansas Battery (approx. 0.7 miles away); A Union Plan / The Broken Pincer (approx. 0.7 miles away); a different marker also named Pulaski Arkansas Battery (approx. 0.8 miles away); Guibor's Battery (approx. 0.9 miles away); Death of Brigadier General Nathaniel Lyon (approx. one mile away). Click for a list of all markers in Battlefield.
Also see . . .  Wilson's Creek National Battlefield Park. (Submitted on September 2, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. War, US Civil
Sigel's First Position image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 29, 2010
4. Sigel's First Position
Sigel's command first advanced to the high ground, seen here as the wooded hills in the distance, overlooking Wilson's Creek.
Sigel's Second Position image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 29, 2010
5. Sigel's Second Position
Crossing at Manley Ford, Sigel moved his command forward on the west side of Wilson's Creek. He moved over Turrell Creek (south of the park grounds), and into Sharp's fields. The 3rd and 5th Missouri Infantry, Backof's battery, and part of the 2nd US Cavalry formed a line across those fields seen in this view.
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 590 times since then and 54 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
Paid Advertisement