Near Garfield in Benton County, Arkansas — The American South (West South Central)
Lifeline for Two Armies
In the week before battle broke out here, both armies had hurriedly marched southward past this crossroads and tavern. The night before the shooting started, Union troops from Missouri set up a small rearguard outpost here. The soldiers had stockpiled food in the barn and tavern. Provost guards watched a handful of captured Confederates nearby.
A Road with Many Names
First built in the 1820s as a military road to link St. Louis, Missouri to Fort Smith, Arkansas, this highway served as the northern route of the Trail of Tears during the Indian removals in 1837 to 1839. It was known as the Butterfield Overland Stage Route from 1858 to 1861. Civil War troops called it the Wire Road or the Telegraph Road.
Erected by Pea Ridge National Military Park - National Park Service - U.S. Department of the Interior.
Location. 36° 27.202′ N, 94° 0.949′ W. Marker is near Garfield, Arkansas, in Benton County. Marker Click for map. Located at stop eight, Elkhorn Tavern, on the driving tour of Pea Ridge National Military Park. Marker is in this post office area: Garfield AR 72732, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Pea Ridge and the Trail of Tears (within shouting distance of this marker); Vulnerable in Victory (within shouting distance of this marker); Disastrous Retreat (within shouting distance of this marker); Elkhorn Tavern Taken (within shouting distance of this marker); Remembrance and Reunion (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Butterfield Overland Mail Route (about 300 feet away); Pea Ridge (about 300 feet away); Reunited Soldiery Monument (about 300 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Garfield.
Also see . . . Pea Ridge National Military Park. (Submitted on September 12, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Categories. • Roads & Vehicles • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 761 times since then and 85 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 4. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.