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Near Garfield in Benton County, Arkansas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Disastrous Retreat

March 8, 1862 - Afternoon

 
 
Disastrous Retreat Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 30, 2010
1. Disastrous Retreat Marker
Inscription. It took two weeks for the stunned survivors of the Confederate Army of the West to make their way from here back to rendezvous on the Arkansas River. In late March 1862 General Van Dorn was ordered to take his army east to Mississippi. This left northern Arkansas in the hands of the Union.

"[Our] regiment arrived...in straggling squads, tired, hatless, barefooted, hungry, dirty, and ragged. They had been in rain-storms, climbed steep mountains along narrow and rugged foot-paths, waded deep and cold mountain streams, starved, slept without tents or blankets on the wet and frosty ground...The retreat was more disastrous than a dozen battles."
William Tunnard, private, 3rd Louisiana Infantry Regiment

Brigadier General Sterling Price, a 52-year-old planter and lawyer born in Virginia, commanded Missouri state troops at Wilson's Creek and Pea Ridge. The popular former congressman and governor of Missouri survived four years of civil war, and died in St. Louis in 1867.

Near here Price tried in vain to rally his battered and exhausted division. Many regiments then retreated along this road east toward Huntsville. Other Confederates withdrew to the north and west.
 
Erected by Pea Ridge National Military Park - National Park Service - U.S. Department of the Interior.
 
Location.
Disastrous Retreat Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 30, 2010
2. Disastrous Retreat Marker
36° 27.196′ N, 94° 0.915′ W. Marker is near Garfield, Arkansas, in Benton County. Marker can be reached from Military Park Road (County Road 65), on the left when traveling south. Click for map. Located at stop eight, Elkhorn Tavern, on the driving tour of Pea Ridge National Military Park. Marker is in this post office area: Garfield AR 72732, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Lifeline for Two Armies (within shouting distance of this marker); Vulnerable in Victory (within shouting distance of this marker); Elkhorn Tavern Taken (within shouting distance of this marker); The Butterfield Overland Mail Route (within shouting distance of this marker); Pea Ridge and the Trail of Tears (within shouting distance of this marker); Remembrance and Reunion (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Pea Ridge (about 500 feet away); Reunited Soldiery Monument (about 500 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Garfield.
 
Also see . . .
1. Pea Ridge National Military Park. (Submitted on September 12, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. The Battle of Pea Ridge. Civil War Preservation Trust site for the battle. (Submitted on September 12, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Huntsville Road image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, August 30, 2010
3. Huntsville Road
A trail leading east of the tavern follows the old trace of Huntsville Road, one route used by retreating Confederates.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 825 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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