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Durham in Durham County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Bennett Place

The End of War

 

—Carolinas Campaign —

 
Bennet Place - The End of the War image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 18, 2006
1. Bennet Place - The End of the War
Inscription.
(Preface, upper left) :
The Carolinas Campaign began on February 1, 1865, when Union Gen. William T. Sherman led his army north from Savannah, Georgia, after the “March to the Sea.” Sherman’s objective was to join Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Virginia to crush Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia. Scattered Confederate forces consolidated in North Carolina, the Confederacy’s logistical lifeline, where Sherman defeated Gen. Joseph E. Johnston’s last-ditch attack at Bentonville. After Sherman was reinforced at Goldsboro late March, Johnston saw the futility of further resistance and surrendered on April 26, essentially ending the Civil War.

On April 17, 1865, Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston and Union Gen. William T. Sherman met under a flag of truce midway between their lines on Hillsborough Road, seven miles west of Durham Station, to discuss surrender terms. Johnston suggested that they use this nearby farmhouse—the home of James and Nancy Bennett—for privacy.

Inside the Bennett house, Sherman informed Johnson of President Abraham Lincoln’s assassination. Uncertain of the consequences of this murder, the generals began negotiations, with Sherman offering terms similar to those that Gen. Ulysses S. Grant had given Robert E. Lee at Appomattox Court House, Virginia,
Bennet Place - Civil War Trails Marker image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 18, 2006
2. Bennet Place - Civil War Trails Marker
on April 9. Johnston countered with a plan for “a permanent peace,” including political terms. At their second meeting on April 18, Sherman submitted a “basis for agreement”: disbanding remaining Confederate armies, recognizing existing state governments, establishing federal courts, restoring political and civil right to former Confederates, and general amnesty. Confederate President Jefferson Davis approves the agreement, but U.S. Secretary of War Edwin C. Stanton rejected it summarily. U.S. general-in-chief Grant ordered Sherman to meet again with Johnston and offer him the Appomattox terms.

On April 26, Sherman and Johnston met here for the last time, and Johnston accepted the terms, surrendering the armies under his command including those in the Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida—some 89,270 Confederates. It was the largest surrender of troops in the war.
 
Erected by Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the North Carolina Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 36° 1.767′ N, 78° 58.439′ W. Marker is in Durham, North Carolina, in Durham County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Bennett Memorial Road and Near Road. Click for map. Marker is at or near
Civil War Trails Markers image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 11, 2012
3. Civil War Trails Markers
Two Civil War Trails markers are found at this location. The Bennett Place marker is seen here on the right.
this postal address: 4409 Bennett Memorial Road, Durham NC 27705, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. North Carolina (here, next to this marker); The Original Chimney of the Bennett House (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Bennett Place (within shouting distance of this marker); Unity (within shouting distance of this marker); Meeting of the Generals (within shouting distance of this marker); Rotary Bandstand (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named North Carolina (approx. 3 miles away); Duke Homestead (approx. 3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Durham.
 
Also see . . .
1. Civil War Traveler. North Carolina Civil War Trails. (Submitted on March 28, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.) 

2. Bennet Place State Historic Site. (Submitted on March 29, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Bennett House image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 18, 2006
4. Bennett House
In this house, on April 26, 1965, Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, surrendered to Union Gen. William T. Sherman, effectively ending the Civil War.
Inside Bennett House image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 18, 2006
5. Inside Bennett House
This is where Gen Joseph E. Johnston surrendered his troops to Gen. William T. Sherman.
Confederate Soldiers Drill near Bennett House image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, August 11, 2012
6. Confederate Soldiers Drill near Bennett House
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 1,813 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   3. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   4. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   5. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   6. submitted on , by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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