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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Chancellorsville in Spotsylvania County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Artillery Duel

 
 
Artillery Duel Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 10, 2007
1. Artillery Duel Marker
Inscription. On the morning of May 3, 1863, Union artillery at Fairview suffered the most intense artillery bombardment of the battle. More than 40 Confederate guns at Hazel Grove (visible 1,200 yards in front of you) concentrated their fire on 34 Union cannon here at Fairview. After five hours of fighting, the Union guns withdrew, and the Union infantry slowly fell back into the Chancellorsville clearing. They left behind stunning carnage.

We...reached the brow of the hill where...our own cannon had been in action... [A] gruesome sight met our eyes; it was the bodies of nearly a hundred horses scattered around the field in the rear of where the artillery had been engaged; all were lying on their backs with their feet in the air, their bodies swollen enormously. Not along had men suffered and died.
Corporal Rice C. Bull, 123rd New York Infantry
 
Erected by Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park.
 
Location. 38° 18.446′ N, 77° 38.628′ W. Marker is in Chancellorsville, Virginia, in Spotsylvania County. Marker can be reached from Berry-Paxton Road, on the right when traveling west. Click for map. Located at Fairview, stop ten of the driving tour of Chancellorsville Battlefield. The marker
The Marker beside a Federal Battery at Fairview image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 10, 2007
2. The Marker beside a Federal Battery at Fairview
is also at stop five of the Hazel Grove-Fairview walking trail. Marker is in this post office area: Fredericksburg VA 22407, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Jackson's Impact (within shouting distance of this marker); High Drama, Human Tragedy (within shouting distance of this marker); Ordeal of the Wounded (within shouting distance of this marker); Fairview (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Fairview (within shouting distance of this marker); Chancellor Cemetery (within shouting distance of this marker); Collis Zouaves (approx. 0.2 miles away); The 27th Indiana Infantry (approx. 0.2 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Chancellorsville.
 
More about this marker. The background painting shows "Fairview during the peak of the artillery duel, about 9 a.m. on May 3."
 
Regarding Artillery Duel. This is one of several markers for the Battle of Chancellorsville at Hazel Grove and Fairview, the central part of the battle. See the Hazel Grove - Fairview Virtual Tour by Markers in the links section for a listing of related markers on the tour.
 
Also see . . .
1. Battle of Chancellorsville.
Artillery Positions on the Right Side of Federal Position image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 10, 2007
3. Artillery Positions on the Right Side of Federal Position
The line of guns here was impressive, and matched against the Confederate side on Hazel Grove, was a portion of one of the largest artillery duels of the war.
National Parks Service site. (Submitted on November 18, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

2. Hazel Grove - Fairview Walking Trail. A one mile walk through the scene of the heavy fighting on May 2-3, 1863. (Submitted on November 18, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

3. Hazel Grove - Fairview Virtual Tour by Markers. The Hazel Grove and Fairview portions of the battlefield (stops nine and ten on the driving tour of the battlefield). Markers along this tour include those on Stuart and Slocum Drives. (Submitted on November 18, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
From Fairview looking back to Chancellor Clearing (Chancellor House) image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, November 10, 2007
4. From Fairview looking back to Chancellor Clearing (Chancellor House)
Federal forces retired behind prepared positions in the distance at the Chancellorsville Inn. At the time of the battle, the foreground would have been littered with the debris of the battle to include the carcases of horses killed in the artillery duel. The cars are passing along Virginia Highway 3, generally where the Orange Turnpike ran at the time of the battle.
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,005 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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