“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Portsmouth, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

The Yellow Fever of 1855

The Yellow Fever of 1855 Marker image. Click for full size.
By James Thomson, October 11, 2010
1. The Yellow Fever of 1855 Marker
Inscription. On June 19th, 1855, following a twelve day quarantine, the merchant ship Benjamin Franklin arrived from the West Indies and docked at Gosport Shipyard for repairs. While emptying its bilge, mosquitoes carrying yellow fever were released. After learning of a death from yellow fever on July 8, 1855, the Town Council met on Sunday July 9, and quarantined the vessel. Before the epidemic ended, 10 percent of Portsmouth's population had died and countless others had fled town to avoid contracting the disease.
Of those who remained, many volunteered to assist the community during the epidemic. Bob Butt, a slave owned by a Mr. Britton was leased to the town to bury victims in Cedar Grove Cemetery. After the epidemic passed, a collection was taken to buy the slave's freedom in appreciation for his work as a "grave digger".
The house at the end of the park was used as an orphanage during the epidemic.
Erected by Path of History, Portsmouth VA.
Location. 36° 50.3′ N, 76° 18.133′ W. Marker is in Portsmouth, Virginia. Marker is at the intersection of North Street and Dinwiddie Street, on the right when traveling east on North Street. Click for map. Marker is located in park. Marker is in this post office area: Portsmouth VA 23704, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Watts House (here, next to this marker); Elks Lodge (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Fort Nelson (about 700 feet away); Olde Towne Portsmouth (about 700 feet away); Arnold's British Defenses, 1781 (about 700 feet away); Lincolnsville (about 700 feet away); Cornwallis at Portsmouth (about 700 feet away); Court Street Baptist Church (about 800 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Portsmouth.
Also see . . .  Yellow Fever in Norfolk and Portsmouth, Virginia - 1855. as reported in the Daily Dispatch of Richmond, Virginia. (Submitted on October 14, 2010, by James Thomson of Chesapeake, United States.) 
Categories. African AmericansCharity & Public WorkDisastersScience & Medicine
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by James Thomson of Chesapeake, United States. This page has been viewed 1,053 times since then and 109 times this year. Photo   1. submitted on , by James Thomson of Chesapeake, United States. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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