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Carmel Church in Caroline County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Carmel Church
Gathering for North Anna

— Lee vs. Grant - The 1864 Campaign —
 
Carmel Church Civil War Trail marker Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Coughlin, April 21, 2007
1. Carmel Church Civil War Trail marker
 
Inscription. The scattered corps of the Union army reunited here at Carmel Church (known during the war as Mount Carmel Church) on May 23 before attacking Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee across the North Anna River, approximately three miles ahead. Gen. Winfield Hancock’s Second Corps advanced down the Telegraph Road (modern Route 1) and seized the Chesterfield Bridge. The Fifth, Sixth and Ninth Corps swung west and headed towards Jericho Mills and Ox Ford.

For four days the Union and Confederate armies battled south of the river, adding 3,400 names to the already swollen casualty lists. Union Generals U.S. Grant and George Meade made their headquarters at Carmel Church during the initial stages of the battle. Unable to dent Lee’s lines, Grant pulled the Union Army back across the North Anna on the night of May 26 and marched to the Pamunkey River crossings, several miles east. The three-week campaign, already the bloodiest in American history, would go on.

“We started quite early…and halted at Mt. Carmel Church…. There was something rather funny, too. For in the broad aisle they had laid across some boards and made a table, round which sat Meade, Grant, General Williams, etc., writing on little slips of paper. It looked precisely like a town-hall, where people are coming to vote, only the people had unaccountably put
 
Carmel Church – Gathering for North Anna Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Coughlin, April 21, 2007
2. Carmel Church – Gathering for North Anna
This marker is part of the Lee vs Grant – The 1864 Campaign trail of the Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
on very dusty uniforms.”

- Theodore Lyman, aide-de-camp to Gen. Meade.

(Caption, upper right picture): From Mt. Carmel Church, Union Gen. Hancock rushed south to save the Chesterfield Bridge over the North Anna River. He was too late.

(Caption, lower right picture): While Hancock moved towards Chesterfield Bridge, Warren’s corps threw a pontoon bridge across the North Anna at Jericho Ford, six miles upriver.
 
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 37° 55.806′ N, 77° 28.812′ W. Marker is in Carmel Church, Virginia, in Caroline County. Marker is at the intersection of Jericho Road (Virginia Route 207) and Jefferson Davis Highway (U.S. 1), on the left when traveling south on Jericho Road. Click for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 24320 Jefferson Davis Hwy, Ruther Glen VA 22546, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Grant’s Operations (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Long Creek Action (approx. 2.6 miles away); Caroline County / Hanover County (approx. 3 miles away); Lee and Grant (approx. 3 miles away); One More River to Cross (approx. 3 miles away); Lafayette and Cornwallis (approx. 3 miles away); The Inverted V (approx. 3 miles away); "Save yourselves if you can" (approx. 3.1 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Carmel Church.
 
Carmel Church Battle map Photo, Click for full size
By Bill Coughlin, April 25, 2007
3. Carmel Church Battle map
 

 
Also see . . .  Civil War Trails – Lee vs. Grant: The 1864 Overland Campaign Tour. (Submitted on March 6, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.)
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on November 19, 2007, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 1,447 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on November 19, 2007, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey.   3. submitted on November 20, 2007, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.
 
Editor’s want-list for this marker. Picture of the adjacent bronze and stone marker. • Can you help?
 
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