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Augusta in Richmond County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

Ware High School

Civil Rights Milestone

 
 
Ware High School Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, October 24, 2010
1. Ware High School Marker
Inscription. Near this site stood Ware High School, which was the first public high school for African-Americans in Georgia and one of only five in the south while it was in operation. Founded in 1880, it was named for Edmund Asa Ware, Freedman`s Bureau Officer and President of Atlanta University. The school closed in 1897. African-American leaders brought federal suit in Cumming v. Board of Education of Richmond County, claiming if the black high school closed, the white high school must also close. The case was based upon the 14th Amendment guarantee of equal protection under the law. The Board of Education argued that it could educate more African-American children on the primary level with the funds available. The case went to the Supreme Court of the United States, which had held the principle of segregation through the Plessy v. Ferguson "separate but equal" ruling in 1896. The Court allowed the Ware High School closing to stand, thus permitting segregation in education. In a series of cases starting in 1913, and ending in 1954, with Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, "separate but equal", was displaced and school segregation held invalid under the 14th Amendment.
 
Erected 1998 by Georgia Historical Commission. (Marker Number 148-7.)
 
Marker series.
Ware High School Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, October 24, 2010
2. Ware High School Marker
This marker is included in the Georgia Historical Society/Commission marker series.
 
Location. 33° 28.733′ N, 81° 58.243′ W. Marker is in Augusta, Georgia, in Richmond County. Marker is on Reynolds Street near 11th Street, on the right when traveling west. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Augusta GA 30901, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Fort Grierson (within shouting distance of this marker); Springfield Baptist Church Birthplace of Morehouse College (within shouting distance of this marker); Paine College Founding Site (approx. 0.2 miles away); LaFayette Visits Augusta (approx. 0.2 miles away); American Gold Star Mothers Tribute (approx. mile away); Jessye Norman (approx. 0.3 miles away); Woodmen Of The World Memorial (approx. 0.3 miles away); Bell System at Augusta, Georgia (approx. 0.3 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Augusta.
 
Regarding Ware High School. Note: This marker was mistakingly given a Ware County number. The correct number would be a 121 prefix.
 
Also see . . .
1. Cumming v. Richmond County Board of Education,Wikipedia entry. Supreme Court of the United States : Argued October 30, 1899, Decided December 18, 1899 It is a landmark case, in that it sanctioned de jure segregation of races in American schools. The Supreme
Ware High School Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, September 5, 2010
3. Ware High School Marker
Court overturned its decision in Brown v. Board of Education (1954). (Submitted on October 20, 2010, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.) 

2. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Wikipedia entry. Supreme Court of the United States Argued December 9, 1952, Reargued December 8, 1953 Decided May 17, 1954 de jure racial segregation was ruled a violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution. This ruling paved the way for integration and the civil rights movement. (De jure [in Classical Latin de iure] is an expression that means "concerning law") (Submitted on October 20, 2010, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.) 
 
Categories. African AmericansCivil RightsEducation
 
Ware High School Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, September 5, 2010
4. Ware High School Marker
Ware High School Marker,(at right) looking west along Reynolds Street image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, September 5, 2010
5. Ware High School Marker,(at right) looking west along Reynolds Street
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 1,115 times since then and 16 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.   2. submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.   3, 4, 5. submitted on , by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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