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Collierville in Shelby County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

Battle of Collierville

An Unexpected Guest

 
 
Battle of Collierville Marker image. Click for full size.
By Lee Hattabaugh, October 21, 2010
1. Battle of Collierville Marker
Inscription. Collierville's location on the Memphis and Charleston Railroad made it strategically important throughout the Civil War. Frequently occupied by Union forces, the town found itself in the gun sights of Confederate cavalrymen intent on severing Federal lines of communication and supply.

On October 11, 1863, about 3,000 Confederate cavalrymen and artillerists under Gen. James R. Chalmers drove north and attacked Union Col. DeWitt Clinton Anthony's 600 men of the 66th Indiana Infantry, which was camped along the railroad. As the outnumbered Federals took up defensive positions, a train arrived en route from Memphis to Corinth, Mississippi. It was loaded with a battalion of the 13th U.S. Regulars, accompanied by Gen. William T. Sherman and his staff. Chalmers sent a flag of truce to Anthony, demanding his surrender. Anthony delayed his refusal while the regulars detrained and occupied the nearby fort and rifle pits. Sherman ordered the train back to the depot and Chalmers' artillery opened fire, damaging the engine but with little other effect. The Federal infantry launched a charge that drove the Confederates away from the train, which they had boarded briefly. Chalmers retired late in the afternoon as Union Gen. John M. Corse approached from Memphis with his brigade, keeping the railroad in Union hands.

"The enemy closed
Battle of Collierville Marker image. Click for full size.
By Lee Hattabaugh, October 21, 2010
2. Battle of Collierville Marker
on the left in this view.
down on us several times, and got possession of the rear of our train, from which they succeeded in getting five of our horses, among them my favorite mare Dolly....With their artillery they knocked to pieces our locomotive and several of the cars, and set fire to the train....Colonel Audenreid, aide-de-camp, was provoked to find that his valise of nice shirts had been used to kindle the fire.... The next day we repaired damages to the railroad and locomotive, and went on to Corinth."
- Gen. William T. Sherman
 
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails marker series.
 
Location. 35° 2.619′ N, 89° 40.004′ W. Marker is in Collierville, Tennessee, in Shelby County. Marker is on Walnut Street south of West Poplar Avenue (Tennessee Highway 57), on the right when traveling south. Click for map. Located adjacent to Collierville's Tom Brooks Park. Marker is in this post office area: Collierville TN 38017, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Chalmers's Collierville Raid (here, next to this marker); First Baptist Church (within shouting distance of this marker); Tom Brooks Park (within
Battle of Collierville Marker image. Click for full size.
By Lee Hattabaugh, October 21, 2010
3. Battle of Collierville Marker
Looking north along Walnut Street.
shouting distance of this marker); Saint Andrew's Episcopal Church (within shouting distance of this marker); Presbyterian Church of Collierville (within shouting distance of this marker); Collierville High School (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Collierville United Methodist Church (about 600 feet away); Collierville, Tenn. (about 700 feet away). Click for a list of all markers in Collierville.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
 
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama. This page has been viewed 1,077 times since then and 24 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on , by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016.
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