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Near Belleville in Dane County, Wisconsin — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
St. Raphael's Frenchtown Cemetery
 
St. Raphael's Frenchtown Cemetery Marker Photo, Click for full size
By William J. Toman, September 6, 2010
1. St. Raphael's Frenchtown Cemetery Marker
 
Inscription. Final resting place of early French emigrants and their descendants.

Coming directly to the Montrose-Belleville community from St. Germain in eastern France, 32 families arrived beginning in the early 1850's. Unique and isolated, the group prospered and grew, numbering nearly 500 in 1900.

Typical pioneers, these people were persistent, industrious, and true to the teachings of their church.

"Jesus pardonnez a vos serviteurs pour lequels
Marie la divine patronne implore la clemence."

[Translation: "Jesus pardons those servants for whom Mary the Divine Patron asks clemency."]

 
Erected 1967 by the Dane County Historical Society. (Marker Number 9.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Wisconsin, Dane County Historical Society marker series.
 
Location. 42° 53.716′ N, 89° 30.144′ W. Marker is near Belleville, Wisconsin, in Dane County. Marker is on French Town Road one mile east of Wisconsin Highway 69, on the right when traveling east. Click for map. Marker is in this post office area: Belleville WI 53508, United States of America.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 8 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Paoli (approx. 2.7 miles away); Early Belleville / Library Park (approx. 3 miles away); Lake Harriet School (approx. 3.3 miles away); Swan Pond (approx. 4.6 miles away); Illinois Central Depot (approx. 4.9 miles away); Revolutionary War Veteran (approx. 6.8 miles away); Dane County Home (approx. 6.8 miles away); Dogtown - Fish Hatchery School (approx. 7.1 miles away).
 
St. Raphael's Frenchtown Cemetery Marker Photo, Click for full size
By William J. Toman, September 6, 2010
2. St. Raphael's Frenchtown Cemetery Marker
 

 
Also see . . .  A History of Area Catholic Churches. (Submitted on October 30, 2010, by William J. Toman of Green Lake, Wisconsin.)
 
Nearby Sign Photo, Click for full size
By William J. Toman, September 6, 2010
3. Nearby Sign
A Brief History of the "Frenchtown" Community


As tradition has it, the Belleville French group originated with John Roy, a native of St. Germain, France. Roy, who was married to Cecelia Tourdot, fought in the Mexican War of 1848, and most probably received a land grant from the United States government upon discharge and then came to Wisconsin to settle.

The families of August Tourdot, a brother-in-law of John Roy, and Francis Larouque arrived in the Belleville area in the early 1850s and took up land in Exeter Township, south of the village. Roy and his family moved on to the Reedsburg area.

The inter-relationship of families prompted future groups to emigrate. The fact that Mrs. Gus Tourdot was a sister to Eugene Fleury and John Roy a brother to Mrs. Francis Tisserand, was most likely the reason for the Fleury and Tisserand families to leave France for America in 1853.

Conditions in France during the period were not the most desirable; the dictatorial rule of Louis Napolean, frequent wars, and limited land availability made immigrating to America rather attractive, especially if you had kin-folk already there.

The trip to this country was by sailing ship, six weeks on the ocean not being uncommon. Shipboard accommodations were bad, immigrants usually taking steerage quarters.

As the French groups arrived, some were able to purchase 40 or 80 acre tracts from the "Yankee" land owners who had brought the land from the government 10 or 15 years before. Most, however, rented land and purchased their holdings in later years as they became more solvent.

In the early years the group remained very close knit. Speaking only a "patois" French limited social contacts with their English speaking neighbors. Records show that they borrowed money and material goods from each other on a regular basis.

Four of the Frenchmen: Xavier Garvoille, August Francois, and brothers Olympe and August Genin, answered their country's call to arms and served in the army during the Civil War.

As the years passed, the French community grew, numbering nearly 500 at the turn of the century. Marrying outside their own group eventually became commonplace, the Irish, Swiss and German settlements in the area often providing the other partner of the union.

Other than their complex interfamily relationships, their Catholic faith was a prominent uniting force -- and most assuredly sustained them through many hardships. The building of St. James Church in Dayton, in 1869, was the accomplishment of this French group in Montrose Township and the large Irish settlement in Exeter. The French were initially more closely affiliated with the Dayton Church, but in later years many became regular members of the parish in Paoli.

When members of the French settlement died they were buried in the Belleville Cemetery, north of the village; there being no Catholic cemetery in the immediate area. In the mid 1870s supposedly at the wake of a fellow Frenchman, the group decided it was time to have their own cemetery. Eugene Pernot offered an acre of land the French Cemetery became a reality.

Bodies that had been interred in the Belleville Cemetery were moved to the new cemetery in the late 1870s. The remains of many of these early pioneers were placed in a common grave along the west edge of the cemetery.

The name "St. Raphael's", as the cemetery came to be known (although it was also known as "St. Celestin's" for a number of years), was derived from the name of the early parish west of Paoli. This parish became St. Williams when it was moved into the village of Paoli.

 
Credits. This page originally submitted on October 26, 2010, by William J. Toman of Green Lake, Wisconsin. This page has been viewed 801 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on October 26, 2010, by William J. Toman of Green Lake, Wisconsin.   3. submitted on March 8, 2011, by William J. Toman of Green Lake, Wisconsin. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.
 
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