Near Front Royal in Warren County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
“Oh, What an Opportunity for Artillery!”
—Battle of Front Royal - May 23, 1862 —
As the Confederate forces crossed the South Fork onto the peninsula, Kenly's Union troops deployed on the Winchester side of the Pike Bridge over the North Fork. The prominence of Guard Hill offered Kenly a good position to slow down the Southern advance. Atwell unlimbered his cannons on the height west of the turnpike near Dr. Kenner's home, while the Federal infantry dug in on either side of the road to combat any attempt by the Confederates crossing at the bridge.
Atwell's guns held off the commands of Col. Bradley T. Johnson and Maj. Chatham Roberdeau Wheat for almost an hour, despite being shelled by Capt. John A. Lusk's Confederate battery from Atwell's former position on Richardson's Hill. When Kenly rode forward to check the progress of his bridge-burning orders, he found "the river below the bridges ... alive with horsemen [Lt. Col. Thomas S. Flournoy's 6th Virginia Cavalry], crossing in two different places by fording." Kenly ordered a retreat,
Erected by Virginia Civil War Trails.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 38° 56.976′ N, 78° 11.892′ W. Marker is near Front Royal, Virginia, in Warren County. Marker is at the intersection of Riverton Road (County Route 637) and Winchester Road (U.S. 340/522), on the right when traveling east on Riverton Road. Click for map. Located just to the west side of a public boat ramp standing at the foot of the 340/522 Highway bridge. The location is also the site of the old highway bridge over the North Fork of the Shenandoah. Marker is in this post office area: Front Royal VA 22630, United States of America.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Guard Hill Engagement (approx. ¼ mile away); Execution of Mosby’s Men (approx. ¼ mile away); Battle of Front Royal (approx. ¼ mile away); The Bridges (approx. 0.6 miles away); Execution of Mosby’s Rangers (approx. 0.9 miles away); Richardson’s Hill (approx. 0.9 miles away); Recreational Center of Front Royal (approx. 1.2 miles away); Rose Hill (approx. 1.4 miles away). Click for a list of all markers in Front Royal.
More about this marker. On the left side of the marker is a drawing of the "Courtyard view of Guard Hill house." On the right side are maps showing the tactical situation described on the marker and the major points of the Battle of Front Royal. A portrait of Captain John A. Lusk of the 2nd Rockbridge Artillery is above the maps.
Regarding Guard Hill. This marker is one of several from a driving tour of the Front Royal Battlefield. The markers are listed in sequence on the Battle of Front Royal Virtual Tour by Markers link below.
Also see . . .
1. Battle of Front Royal. National Parks Service summary of the battle. The action discussed on the marker is related to phase 5 of the battle summary.
2. Battle of Front Royal Virtual Tour by Markers.
Categories. • War, US Civil •
Credits. This page originally submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,973 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on , by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.